Memory and Modernity: Italian Art in the Twentieth Century
Résumé | Extrait
ACfUALIfE/EXPOSITIONSMemory and Modernity : Italian Art in the Twentieth Century\iNGiorgio De Chirico, Self-Portrait, ca. 1922. Oil on canvas; 38,4 x 51,1 cm. Courtesy The Toledo Museum of Art. Gift of Edward Drummond LibbeyItalian Art in the Twentieth Century :Painting and Sculpture 1900-1988,Royal Academy (London),January 14 to April 9,1989 —The Monument to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy is a mountainous snowscape of walls, columns and statues that squats ponderously near the centre of Imperial Rome. Built of Brescian marble that remains startling in its white brightness, the Monument rises storey upon storey until the two quadrigae on its summit become unexpected and unwelcome elements in the views from the Forum Romanum, the Colosseum, and Michelangelo's Piazza del Campidoglio. Its bombasticforms derive their basic syntax from Classical and Renaissance architecture, but this syntax is sufficiently altered that the Monument refuses to identify itself with its surroundings. Yet its destruction is almost unimaginable. Now often seen as emblematic of the pomposity and thuggery associated with Italian political life under Fascism, it seems as valid a statement of the first half of the twentieth century as the Piazza del Campidoglio was of the sixteenth, or the Forum was of the Roman Republic and Empire.The Monument was inaugurated in 1911. This, despite the subtitle of the Royal Academy'slialianArt in the Twentieth Century : Painting and Sculpture 1900-1988, is almost exactly the same date as the one implied by the organizers of that exhibition as the beginning point of twentieth-century Italian art. They favour c.1909, when Giorgio de Chirico began to formulate the iconography of nostalgia for what became Italian Metaphysical painting, and the year in which (on February 20) Filippo Marinetti published his "Manifesto del Futurismo" in Le Figaro.As Norman Rosenthal (who, with Germano Celant, organized the exhibition) writes in his introductory catalogue essay, "The...
|Auteur :||Brian Foss|
|Titre :||Memory and Modernity: Italian Art in the Twentieth Century|
|Revue :||ETC, Numéro 8, été 1989, p. 57-59|
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