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Géographie physique et Quaternaire

Volumen 31, número 1-2, 1977, p. 37-51

Troisième Colloque sur le Quaternaire du Québec : 1re partie

Dirigido por Serge Occhietti

Dirección : Camille Laverdière (directeur)

Redacción : Pierre Richard (rédacteur en chef)

Editor : Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal

ISSN : 0705-7199 (impreso)  1492-143X (digital)

DOI : 10.7202/1000053ar

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Correlation of Wisconsin glacial events between the Eastern Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Lowlands

A. Dreimanis

Geology Department, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7


The interrelationship of the Wisconsin glaciogenic events among the Upper St. Lawrence Lowland and the eastern Great Lakes, particularly the Lake Ontario basin is controlled mainly by 3 factors: 1) presence or absence of a glacial dam across the St. Lawrence Lowland; 2) isostatic lowering or rise of the outlet of Lake Ontario, related mainly to glacial loading or unloading in the Upper St. Lawrence Lowland; 3) shifting in the regional direction of glacial movement through the Upper St. Lawrence Lowland, upglacier from it, and in the Lake Ontario basin. Changes in the above conditions result in detectable changes in lake levels, and in compositional changes of tills in the Lake Ontario basin. Crosschecking of the above relationships supports the relative sequence already proposed. However, the chronology of the events which are older than reliable finite 14C dates, may be reinterpreted by a comparison with oceanic stratigraphies. A possible re-interpretation of some late-glacial Late Wisconsin glacial fluctuations depends greatly upon the reliability of 14C dates on shells and correct interpretation of till-like deposits. For those glacial fluctuations in the St. Lawrence Lowlands which lack 14C dates, it is tempting to apply correlations with the 14C dated stratigraphie units of the Great Lakes Region, but we have to consider also possible regional differences in glacial dynamics.


Corrélation entre les événements glaciaires wisconsiniens de l’est des Grands Lacs et des basses terres du Saint-Laurent

Corrélation entre les événements glaciaires wisconsiniens de Test des Grands Lacs et des basses terres du Saint-Laurent Ces rapports sont régis principalement par les conditions suivantes : 1) Présence ou absence d’un barrage glaciaire à travers les basses terres du Saint-Laurent. 2) Affaissement ou relèvement isostatique du déversoir du lac Ontario en fonction principalement de la surcharge ou de l’allégement glaciaire des basses terres du Saint-Laurent supérieur. 3) Changement de la direction régionale du mouvement glaciaire : traversée des basses terres du Saint-Laurent supérieur, remontée de celles-ci et entrée dans le bassin du lac Ontario. Selon les variations de ces conditions, des changements apparaissent dans le niveau du lac ainsi que dans la composition des tills du bassin du lac Ontario. Une vérification par recoupements de toutes ces interractions confirme la séquence des principaux événements de glaciation et de déglaciation déjà proposée. Toutefois, la chronologie des événements antérieurs aux dates déterminées avec certitude par le 14C peut être réinterprétée au moyen d’une comparaison avec des stratigraphies océaniques. Une réinterprétation possible de certaines fluctuations tardiglaciaires dépend en grande partie de l’exactitude des datations au 14C des coquillages et la justesse de l’interprétation de dépôts semblables aux tills dans les séquences océaniques.




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Autor : A. Dreimanis
Título : Correlation of Wisconsin glacial events between the Eastern Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Lowlands
Revista : Géographie physique et Quaternaire, Volumen 31, número 1-2, 1977, p. 37-51
URI : http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/1000053ar
DOI : 10.7202/1000053ar

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