Érudit - Promover y difundir la investigación
FrançaisEnglishEspañol
 

Búsqueda avanzada

.

Año Volumen Número Página 
>

Institución :

Usario en acceso abierto

Géographie physique et Quaternaire

Volumen 31, número 1-2, 1977, p. 37-51

Troisième Colloque sur le Quaternaire du Québec : 1re partie

Dirigido por Serge Occhietti

Dirección : Camille Laverdière (directeur)

Redacción : Pierre Richard (rédacteur en chef)

Editor : Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal

ISSN : 0705-7199 (impreso)  1492-143X (digital)

DOI : 10.7202/1000053ar

gpq
< AnteriorSiguiente >
Artículo

Correlation of Wisconsin glacial events between the Eastern Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Lowlands

A. Dreimanis

Geology Department, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7

Abstract

The interrelationship of the Wisconsin glaciogenic events among the Upper St. Lawrence Lowland and the eastern Great Lakes, particularly the Lake Ontario basin is controlled mainly by 3 factors: 1) presence or absence of a glacial dam across the St. Lawrence Lowland; 2) isostatic lowering or rise of the outlet of Lake Ontario, related mainly to glacial loading or unloading in the Upper St. Lawrence Lowland; 3) shifting in the regional direction of glacial movement through the Upper St. Lawrence Lowland, upglacier from it, and in the Lake Ontario basin. Changes in the above conditions result in detectable changes in lake levels, and in compositional changes of tills in the Lake Ontario basin. Crosschecking of the above relationships supports the relative sequence already proposed. However, the chronology of the events which are older than reliable finite 14C dates, may be reinterpreted by a comparison with oceanic stratigraphies. A possible re-interpretation of some late-glacial Late Wisconsin glacial fluctuations depends greatly upon the reliability of 14C dates on shells and correct interpretation of till-like deposits. For those glacial fluctuations in the St. Lawrence Lowlands which lack 14C dates, it is tempting to apply correlations with the 14C dated stratigraphie units of the Great Lakes Region, but we have to consider also possible regional differences in glacial dynamics.

Résumé

Corrélation entre les événements glaciaires wisconsiniens de l’est des Grands Lacs et des basses terres du Saint-Laurent

Corrélation entre les événements glaciaires wisconsiniens de Test des Grands Lacs et des basses terres du Saint-Laurent Ces rapports sont régis principalement par les conditions suivantes : 1) Présence ou absence d’un barrage glaciaire à travers les basses terres du Saint-Laurent. 2) Affaissement ou relèvement isostatique du déversoir du lac Ontario en fonction principalement de la surcharge ou de l’allégement glaciaire des basses terres du Saint-Laurent supérieur. 3) Changement de la direction régionale du mouvement glaciaire : traversée des basses terres du Saint-Laurent supérieur, remontée de celles-ci et entrée dans le bassin du lac Ontario. Selon les variations de ces conditions, des changements apparaissent dans le niveau du lac ainsi que dans la composition des tills du bassin du lac Ontario. Une vérification par recoupements de toutes ces interractions confirme la séquence des principaux événements de glaciation et de déglaciation déjà proposée. Toutefois, la chronologie des événements antérieurs aux dates déterminées avec certitude par le 14C peut être réinterprétée au moyen d’une comparaison avec des stratigraphies océaniques. Une réinterprétation possible de certaines fluctuations tardiglaciaires dépend en grande partie de l’exactitude des datations au 14C des coquillages et la justesse de l’interprétation de dépôts semblables aux tills dans les séquences océaniques.

 

References

 

BERTI, A. A. (1975): Paleobotany of Wisconsin interstadials, eastern Great Lakes region, North America, Quaf. Res., vol. 5, p. 591-619. DOI:10.1016/0033-5894(75)90017-4

 

BIRD, J. B. (1972): The natural landscapes of Canada, Wiley, Toronto.

 

BROECKER, W. S. and FARRAND, W. R. (1963): Radiocarbon age of the Two Creeks forest bed, Wisconsin, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., vol. 74, p. 795-802. DOI:10.1130/0016-7606(1963)74[795:RAOTTC]2.0.CO;2

 

CHAPMAN, L. J. (1975): The physiography ot the Georgian Bay-Ottawa Valley area, Ontario Div. Mines Geoscience Rept. 128.

 

CHAPMAN, L. J. and PUTNAM, D. F. (1966): The physiography of southern Ontario, Univ. Toronto Press, Toronto, 2nd ed.

 

COLEMAN, A. P. (1901): Marine and fresh water beaches of Ontario, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., vol. 12, p. 129-146.

 

COLEMAN, A. P. (1941): The last million years, Univ. Toronto Press, Toronto.

 

CRAFT, J. L. (1976): Pleistocene local glaciation in Adirondack Mountains, New York, unpub. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Western Ontario, London.

 

CRONIN, T. M. (1976): An Arctic foraminiferal fauna from Champlain Sea deposits in Ontario, Can. Jour. Earth Sci., vol. 13, p. 1678-1682. DOI:10.1139/e76-177

 

CRONIN, T. M. (1977): Late-Wisconsin marine environments of the Champlain Valley (New York, Quebec), Quat Res., vol. 7, p. 238-253. DOI:10.1016/0033-5894(77)90039-4

 

DEANE, R. E. (1950). The Pleistocene geology of the Lake Simcoe district, Ontario, Geol. Surv. Can., Mem. 256.

 

DREIMANIS, A. (1960): Pre-classical Wisconsin in the eastern portion of the Great Lakes region, North America 21st Intern. Geol. Congr., Copenhagen 1960, Pept., Sess. 4, p. 108-119.

 

(1969): Late Pleistocene lakes in the Ontario and Erie basins, 12th Conf. Great Lakes Res., Proc, p. 170-180.

 

(1977): Late Wisconsin glacial retreat in the Great Lakes region, in W. S. Newman and B. Salwen (eds), Amerinds and their paleoenvironments in North America. N.Y. Acad. Sci. Am., vol. 288, p. 70-89.

 

DREIMANIS, A. and GOLDTHWAIT, R. P. (1973): Wisconsin glaciation in the Huron, Erie and Ontario Lobes, in R. F. Black, R. P. Goldthwait, H. B. Willman (Eds.), The Wisconsinan Stage, Geol. Soc. Amer., Mem. 136, p. 71-106.

 

DREIMANIS, A. and KARROW, P. F. (1965): Southern Ontario, in INQUA Guidebook for field conference G, Great Lakes-Ohio River Valley, INQUA VII Congress, Nebraska Acad. Sci., Lincoln, Neb., p. 90-110.

 

DREIMANIS, A. and KARROW, P. F. (1972): Glacial history of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Region, the classification of the Wisconsin(an) Stage, and its correlatives, 24th Internat. Geol. Congress, Rept. Sect. 12, p. 5-15.

 

DREIMANIS, A. and RAUKAS, A. (1975): Did Middle Wisconsin, Middle Weichselian, and their equivalents represent an interglacial, or an interstadial complex in the northern hemisphere?, Roy. Soc. New Zealand Bull., 13, p. 109-120.

 

DREIMANIS, A., REAVELY, G. H., COOK, R. J. B., KNOX, K. S. and MORETTI, F. J. (1957): Heavy mineral studies in tills of Ontario and adjacent areas, Jour. Sed. Petrology, vol. 27, p. 148-161.

 

DREIMANIS, A., TERASMAE, J. and McKENZIE, G. D. (1966): The Port Talbot Interstade of the Wisconsin glaciation, Can. Jour. Earth Sci., vol. 3, p. 305-325. DOI:10.1139/e66-025

 

ELSON, J. A. (1969a): Late Quaternary marine submergence of Quebec, Rev. Géogr. Montr., vol. 23, p. 247-258.

 

ELSON, J. A. (1969b): Radiocarbon dates, Mya arenaria phase of the Champlain Sea, Can. Jour. Earth Sci., vol. 6, p. 367-372. DOI:10.1139/e69-036

 

EVENSON, E. and DREIMANIS, A. (1976): Late glacial (14,000-19,000 years B.P.) history of the Great Lakes Region and possible correlations, IGCP Project 73/1/24, Quaternary glaciations in the Northern Hemisphere, Rept. 3, p. 217-238.

 

EVENSON, E. B., FARRAND, W. R., MICKELSON, D. M., ESCHMAN, D. F. and MAHER, L. J. (1976): Greatlakean Substage: a replacement for Valderan in the Lake Michigan Basin, Quaf. Res. vol. 6, p. 411-424. DOI:10.1016/0033-5894(67)90005-1

 

EVENSON, E., MICKELSON, D. M. and FARRAND, W. R. (1977): Stratigraphic and correlation of the late Wisconsinan glacial events in the Lake Michigan basin, Géogr. phys. Quat., vol. XXXI, Nos. 1-2, p. 53-59.

 

FAIRCHILD, H. L. (1907): Gilbert Gulf (marine waters in Ontario basin), Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., vol. 17, p. 112.

 

FARRAND, W. R. and ESCHMAN, D. F. (1974): Glaciation of the Southern Peninsula of Michigan: a review, Michigan Academician, vol. 7, p. 31-56.

 

FLINT, R. F. (1971): Glacial and Quaternary geology, John Wiley, New York.

 

FLINT, R. F., COLTON, R. B., GOLDTHWAIT, R. P. and WILLMAN, H. B. (1959) : Glacial map of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, Geol. Soc. America.

 

GADD, N. R. (1971) : Pleistocene geology of the central St. Lawrence Lowland, Geol. Surv. Can., Memoir 359.

 

GADD, N. R. (1976) : Quaternary stratigraphy in southern Quebec : in Mahaney, W. C. (ed.) Quaternary Stratigraphy of North America, Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, Penn., p. 37-50.—

 

GADD, N. R. (1977) : Offlap sedimentary sequence in Champlain Sea, Ontario and Quebec : Rept. of Activities, Part A, Geol. Surv. Can., Pap. 77-1 A, p. 379-380.

 

GADD, N. R., McDONALD, B. C, SHILTS, W. W. (1972): De-glaciation of Southern Quebec, Geol. Surv. Can., Pap. 71-47.

 

GRAVENOR, C. P. (1957): Surficial geology of the Lindsay-Peterborough area, Ontario, Victoria, Peterborough, Durham, and Northumberland counties, Ontario, Geol. Surv. Can., Memoir 288.

 

GWYN, H. (1971): Heavy mineral assemblages in tills and their use in distinguishing glacial lobes in the Great Lakes region, unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Western Ontario, London.

 

HANDLEY, C. O. Jr. (1953): Marine mammals in Michigan Pleistocene beaches, Jour. Mammalogy, vol. 34, p. 252-253.

 

HAGEMAN, B. P.(1971): Report of the Commission on the Holocene (1957), in Études sur le Quaternaire dans le monde, M. Ters, Ed.

 

HARINGTON, C. R. (1977): Marine mammals in the Champlain Sea and the Great Lakes, in W. S. Newman and B. Salwen (eds), Amerinds and their paleoenvironments in northeastern North America, N.Y. Acad. Sci. Ann., vol. 288, p. 508-537.

 

HARRISON, J. E. (1972): Quaternary geology of the North Bay-Mattawa region, Geol. Surv. Can., Pap. 71-26.

 

HENDERSON, E. P. (1967a): Surficial deposits, Athens-Charleston Lake area of eastern Ontario, Geol. Surv. Can., Pap. 67-1A, p. 142-143.

 

HENDERSON, E. P. (1967b): Surficial geology north of the St. Lawrence River, Kingston to Prescott, in Jenner, S.E. (ed.) Geology of parts of eastern Ontario and western Quebec, Guidebook Geol. Assoc. Canada, Kingston, p. 199-207.

 

HENDERSON, E. P. (1968):Mallorytown-Brockville area, Ontario (31B/5, B/12, C/9), Geol. Surv. Can., Pap. 68-1 A, p. 166-168.

 

HENDERSON, E. P. (1970):Quaternary geology, Kingston, Ontario, Geol.Surv. Can., Pap. 70-/A, p. 176-178.

 

HILLAIRE-MARCEL, C,(1977): Les isotopes du carbone et de l'oxygène dans les mers postglaciaires du Québec, Géogr. phys. Quat, vol. XXXI, Nos. 1-2, p. 81-106.

 

HOLMES, C. D. (1952): Drift dispersion in west-central New York, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., vol. 63, p. 993-1010. DOI:10.1130/0016-7606(1952)63[993:DDIWNY]2.0.CO;2

 

HOUGH, J. L. (1958): Geology of the Great Lakes, Univ. Illin. Press, Urbana.

 

KARROW, P. F. (1967): Pleistocene geology of the Scarborough area, Ontario Dept. Mines Geol. Rept. 46.

 

KARROW, P. F. (1969): Stratigraphic studies in the Toronto Pleistocene, Geo/. Assoc. Can. Proc, vol. 20, p. 4-16.

 

KARROW, P. F. (1974):Till stratigraphy in parts of southwestern Ontario, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., vol. 85, p. 761-768. DOI:10.1130/0016-7606(1974)85<761:TSIPOS>2.0.CO;2

 

KARROW, P. F. and ANDERSON, T. W. (1975): Palynological study of lake sediment profiles from southwestern New Brunswick; Discussion, Can. Jour. Earth Sci., vol. 12 p. 1808-1812. DOI:10.1139/e75-161

 

KARROW, P. F., ANDERSON, T. W., CLARKE, A. H., DELORME, L. D. and SKREENIVASA, M. R. (1975): Stratigraphy, paleontology, and age of Lake Algonquin sediments in southwestern Ontario, Canada, Quat. Res., vol. 5, p. 49-87. DOI:10.1016/0033-5894(75)90048-4

 

KARROW, P. F., CLARKE, J. R. and TERASMAE, J. (1961): The age of Lake Iroquois and Lake Ontario, Jour. Geol., vol. 69, p. 659-667. DOI:10.1086/626782

 

KARROW, P. F., CLARKE, A. H. and HERRINGTON, H. B. (1972) : Pleistocene molluscs from Lake Iroquois deposits in Ontario Can. Jour. Earth Sci., vol. 9, p. 589-595. DOI:10.1139/e72-047

 

LASALLE, P. and ELSON, J. A. (1975): Emplacement of the St. Narcisse Moraine as a climatic event in Eastern Canada, Quat. Res., vol. 5, p. 621-625. DOI:10.1016/0033-5894(75)90018-6

 

LEWIS, C. F. M. (1969): Late Quaternary history of lake levels in the Huron and Erie basins, 12th Confer. Great Lakes Res. Proc, 1969, p. 250-270.

 

LEWIS, C. F. M. and SLY, P. G. (1971): Seismic profiling and geology of the Toronto waterfront area of Lake Ontario, 14th Conf. Great Lakes Res., 1971, Proc, p. 303-352.

 

LEWIS, C. F. M. and SLY, P. G. (1972):The Great Lakes of Canada-Quaternary geology and limnology, 24th Intern. Geol. Congr. Field excursion A43 Guidebook, Ottawa.

 

MacCLINTOCK, P. (1958): Glacial geology of the St. Lawrence Seaway and power projects, N.Y. State Mus. Sci. Serv.

 

MacCLINTOCK, P. and DREIMANIS, A. (1964): Reorientation of till fabric by overriding glacier in the St. Lawrence valley, Amer. Jour. Sci., vol. 262, p. 133-142. DOI:10.2475/ajs.262.1.133

 

MacCLINTOCK, P. and STEWART, D. P. (1963) : Glacial geology of the St. Lawrence Lowlands, New York, State Mus. and Sci. Serv. Bull. 394.

 

McDONALD, B. C. (1971): Late Quaternary stratigraphy and deglaciation in eastern Canada, in Turekian, K. K. (ed.) The late Paleozoic glacial ages, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, p. 331-353.

 

McDONALD, B. C. and SHILTS, W. W. (1971): Quaternary stratigraphy and events in southeastern Quebec, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., vol. 82, p. 683-698. DOI:10.1130/0016-7606(1971)82[683:QSAEIS]2.0.CO;2

 

MANGERUD, J. and GULLIKSEN, S. (1975): Apparent radiocarbon ages of recent marine shells from Norway, Spitsbergen, and Arctic Canada, Quaf. Res. vol. 5, p. 263-273. DOI:10.1016/0033-5894(75)90028-9

 

MIRYNECH, E. (1967): Pleistocene and surficial geology of the Kingston-Cobourg-Tweed area, Ontario, in Jenner, S.E. (ed.) Geology of parts of eastern Ontario and western Quebec, Guidebook, Geol. Assoc. Can., Kingston, p. 183-198.

 

MÖRNER, N.-A. (1971): The Plum Point Interstadial: age, climate and subdivision, Can. Jour. Earth Sci., vol. 8, p. 1423-1431. DOI:10.1139/e71-131

 

MÖRNER, N.-A. (1972):World climate during the last 130,000 years, 24th Internat. Geol. Congress, Rept., Sect. 12, p. 72-79.

 

OCCHIETTI, S. (1976): Dépôts et faits quaternaires du Bas-St-Maurice, Québec (2e partie). Rept. of Activities, Part C, Geol. Surv. Can., Pap. 76-1 C, p. 217-220.

 

PECKOVER, F. L. (1961): Discussion of The geology of tills by J. A. Elson, in 14th Can. Soc. Mech. Confer. Proc. NRCC Assoc. Comm. Soil and Snow Mech. Techn. Mem., No. 69, p. 18-21.

 

PREST, V. K. (1970) : Quaternary Geology of Canada in Geology and economic minerals of Canada, R. J. W. Douglas (ed.), Can. Geol. Surv. Econ. Geol. Rept. 1, 5th ed., p. 675-764.

 

PRICE, C. A. (1954): Crustal movement in the Lake Ontario — Upper St. Lawrence River basin, Can. Hydrogr. Serv.

 

RICHARD, S. H. (1975): Surficial geology mapping: Ottawa valley Lowlands (parts of 31G, B, F), Geol. Surv. Can., Pap. 75-1, Part B, p. 113-117.

 

SAARNISTO, M. (1974): The déglaciation history of the Lake Superior region and its climatic implication, Quat. Res., vol. 4, p. 316-339. DOI:10.1016/0033-5894(74)90019-2

 

SELLECK, B. W. (1974): Heavy minerals in the sands of southern and eastern Lake Ontario, 17th Confer. Great Lakes Res. Proc, p. 697-703.

 

SHILTS, W. W. (1973): Glacial dispersal of rocks, minerals, and trace elements in Wisconsin till, southeastern Quebec, Canada, in Black, R. F., Goldthwait, R. P., Willman, H. B. (eds.) Trie Wisconsinan Stage, Geol. Soc. Amer. Memoir 136, p. 189-219.

 

SLY, P. G. and LEWIS, C. F. M. (1972): The Great Lakes of Canada-Quaternary geology and limnology, Intern. Geol. Congr. 24th Sess., Field excursion A43 Guidebook.

 

TERASMAE, J. (1958) : Non-glacial deposits in the St. Lawrence Lowlands, Quebec, Geol. Surv. Can., Bull. 46, p. 13-34.

 

TERASMAE, J. (1965) : Surficial geology of the Cornwall and St. Lawrence Seaway project areas, Ontario, Geol. Surv. Can., Bull. 121.

 

TERASMAE, J. and DREIMANIS, A. (1976): Quaternary stratigraphy of southern Ontario in Mahaney, W. C. (ed.) Quaternary stratigraphy of North America, Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Strondsburg, p. 51-63.

 

TERASMAE, J. and LASALLE, P. (1968): Notes on late-glacial palynology and geochronology at St. Hilaire, Quebec Can. Jour. Earth Sci., vol. 5, p. 249-257. DOI:10.1139/e68-027

 

VOGEL, J. C. and WATERBOLK, H. T. (1972): Groningen radiocarbon dates X, Radiocarbon, vol. 14, p. 6-110.

 

WAGNER, F. J. E. (1970): Faunas of the Champlain Sea, Geol. Surv. Can., Bull. 181.

Autor : A. Dreimanis
Título : Correlation of Wisconsin glacial events between the Eastern Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Lowlands
Revista : Géographie physique et Quaternaire, Volumen 31, número 1-2, 1977, p. 37-51
URI : http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/1000053ar
DOI : 10.7202/1000053ar

Tous droits réservés © Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 1977

Acerca de Érudit | Suscripciones | RSS | Condiciones de utilización | Para contactarnos | Ayuda

Consorcio Érudit © 2014