Educators within Higher Education (HE) and K-12 share in the need for high quality educational resources to assist in the pursuit of teaching and learning. Although there are numerous differences between the two levels of education, there are commonalties in the perceptions of the purpose, practical uses, and challenges that abide in the use of Open Educational Resources (OER). Observations made while producing podcasts and videos for OER awareness, use, and championing, form an exposition of the merits of OER for HE and K-12. Benefits include cost-savings in acquiring resources for teaching and learning as well as user-generated content, instructor creativity, and contextualized and responsively timely learning opportunities. Additionally, the teaching culture of K-12 has historically supported the sharing of learning activities and learning resources. At all levels of education, OER awareness requires a deeper understanding of the changes to teaching and learning borne by open educational practices.
- K-12 OER,
- HE OER,
- OER benefits,
- open educational practices,
- open pedagogy,
- OER awareness
Download the article in PDF to read it.
- Alberta Education. (2010). Making a difference: Meeting diverse learning needs with differentiated instruction. Edmonton, AB: Author. Retrieved from http://education.alberta.ca/media/1234045/makingadifference_2010.pdf
- Alberta Education. (2013). Learning and technology policy framework. Retrieved from https://education.alberta.ca/media/1046/learning-and-technology-policy-framework-web.pdf
- Alberta Education. (2016). The guiding framework for the design and development of kindergarten to grade 12 provincial curriculum. Retrieved from https://education.alberta.ca/media/3273037/guiding-framework-oct-6-2016.pdf
- Alberta Education. (2017). Individualized program plan overview. Retrieved from https://education.alberta.ca/instructional-supports/individualized-program-plan-ipp/everyone/ippisp-overview/
- Bailey, A., Davis, P., Henry, T., & Loureiro, K. (2014, January 30). The digital disruption of educational publishing [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.bcg.com/en-ca/publications/2014/media-entertainment-digital-disruption-of-education-publishing.aspx
- Batson, T., Paharia, N., & Kumar, M. V. (2008). A Harvest Too Large? A Framework for Educational Abundance. T. Iiyoshi, & M.S.V. Kumar (Eds.) Opening up education: The collective advancement of education through open technology, open content, and open knowledge. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp.89-103.
- Benkler, Y. (2005). Common wisdom: Peer production of educational materials. Retrieved from http://www.benkler.org/Common_Wisdom.pdf
- Bliss, T., Tonks, D., & Patrick, S. (2013). Open educational resources and collaborative content development: A practical guide for state and school leaders. International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL). Retrieved from https://www.inacol.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/oer-and-collaborative-content.pdf
- Blomgren, C. (Producer). (2017a, March). Benefits of OER for K-12 learning. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://bolt.athabascau.ca/index.php/podcast/benefits-of-oer-for-k-12-learning/
- Blomgren, C. (Producer). (2017b, March). Teaching with OER [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://bolt.athabascau.ca/index.php/podcast/teaching-with-oer/
- Blomgren, C. (Producer). (2017c, March). The eight attributes of open pedagogy [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://bolt.athabascau.ca/index.php/podcast/the-eight-attributes-of-open-pedagogy/
- Boyer, E. L. (1996). The scholarship of engagement. Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 49(7), 18-33.
- Bray, B., & McClaskey, K. (2012). Personalization vs differentiation vs individualization. Retrieved from http://www.my-coach.com/online/resources/925/PersonalizationvsDifferentiationvsIndividualization.pdf
- Calgary Board of Education. (2012). Making teaching & learning visible: Resource guide personalized learning. Retrieved from http://www.cbefinearts.org/documents/Personalized_Learning_Sept_2012.pdf
- Caster, B., & Hautala, R. (2008). Changing our brains: Transforming a traditional view of scholarship and teaching. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 2(2), 18. https://doi.org/10.20429/ijsotl.2008.020218
- Conole, G. (2012). Integrating OER into open educational practices. In J. Glennie, K. Harley, N. Butcher, & T. van Wyk (Eds.) Open educational resources and change in higher education: Reflections from practice. Retrieved from http://dspace.col.org/bitstream/handle/11599/80/pub_PS_OER_web.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y#page=136
- Creative Commons. (2015a). Creative commons 2015 - 2020 organizational strategy. Retrieved from https://creativecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/CC-Strategy-2016-2020-1.pdf
- Creative Commons. (2015b) State of the commons 2015. [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://stateof.creativecommons.org/2015/
- Cronin, C. (2017). Openness and praxis: Exploring the use of open educational practices in higher education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(5). http://dx.doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v18i5.3096
- Davis, B., Sumara, D., & Luce-Kapler, R., (2000). Engaging minds: Learning and teaching in a complex world. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Dunn, R. R., Urban, J., Cavelier, D., & Cooper, C. B. (2016). The tragedy of the unexamined cat: Why K-12 and university education are still in the dark ages and how citizen science allows for a renaissance. Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education, 17(1), 4. doi: 10.1128/jmbe.v17i1.1049
- Ehlers, U. D. (2011). Extending the territory: From open educational resources to open educational practices. Journal of Open Flexible and Distance Learning, 15(2), 1-10.
- Geist, M. (2016). False alarms: Examining the misleading claims about the state of canadian publishers [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2016/03/false-alarms-examining-the-misleading-claims-about-the-state-of-canadian-publishers/
- Greene, H. C., O'Connor, K. A., Good, A. J., Ledford, C. C., Peel, B. B., & Zhang, G. (2008). Building a support system toward tenure: challenges and needs of tenure‐track faculty in colleges of education. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 16(4), 429-447. https://doi.org/10.1080/13611260802433791
- Hegarty, B. (2015). Attributes of open pedagogy: A model for using open educational resources. Educational Technology, 4, 3-13. Retrieved from http://0-www.jstor.org.aupac.lib.athabascau.ca/stable/44430383
- Issitt, J. (2004). Reflections on the study of textbooks. History of Education, 33(6), 683-696. doi: 10.1080/0046760042000277834
- Jeffrey, B., (2006). Creative teaching and learning: towards a common discourse and practice. Cambridge Journal of Education, 36(3), 399-414.
- Jhangiani, R. S., Pitt, R., Hendricks, C., Key, J., & Lalonde, C. (2016). Exploring faculty use of open educational resources at British Columbia post-secondary institutions. BCcampus Research Report. Victoria, BC: BCcampus. Retrieved from https://viurrspace.ca/bitstream/handle/10613/2705/Key.Exploring.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
- Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Estrada, V., & Freeman, A. (2014). NMC horizon report: 2014 K-12 edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. Retrieved from http://cdn.nmc.org/media/2014-nmc-horizon-report-k12-EN.pdf
- Kimmons, R. (2014). Developing open education literacies with practicing K-12 teachers. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(6). http://dx.doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v15i6.1964
- Kimmons, R. (2015). OER quality and adaptation in K-12: Comparing teacher evaluations of copyright-restricted, open, and open/adapted textbooks. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 16(5). http://dx.doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v16i5.2341
- Kimmons, R. (2016). Expansive openness in teacher practice [Abstract]. Teachers College Record, 118(9).
- Koch, J. V. (2006). An economic analysis of textbook pricing and textbook markets. ACSFA College Textbook Cost Study Plan Proposal. Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance. Retrieved from https://www.immagic.com/eLibrary/CBICBT99/FIN_AID/US_ED/A060923K.pdf
- Lamb, A. (2016). Citizen Science Part 1: Place-based STEM projects for school libraries. Teacher Librarian, (4), 64.
- Lee, S. D. (2008). The gates are shut: Technical and cultural barriers to open education. In T. Iiyoshi & M. V. Kumar (Eds.). Opening up education: The collective advancement of education through open technology, open content, and open knowledge (pp. 47-59). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Lessig, L. (2008). Remix: Making art and commerce thrive in the hybrid economy. New York: Penguin.
- Levin, D. (2016, August 7). Dear students and faculty: Please go digital [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-levin/dear-students-and- faculty_b_7957508.html
- Macfarlane, B. (2016). Collegiality and performativity in a competitive academic culture. Higher Education Review, 48(2).
- Molnar, M. (2016, February 14). Amazon education to launch new website for open education resources [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://marketbrief.edweek.org/marketplace-k-12/amazon-education-to-launch-new-website-for-open-ed-resources/
- Petrides, L., Jimes, C., Middleton‐Detzner, C., Walling, J., & Weiss, S. (2011). Open textbook adoption and use: implications for teachers and learners. Open Learning, 26(1), 39-49. doi: 10.1080/02680513.2011.538563
- Rejskind, G. (2000). TAG teachers: Only the creative need apply. Roeper Review, 22(3), 153-157. doi: 10.1080/02783190009554023
- Roediger, H. L. (2004, May). Writing textbooks: Why doesn't it count? [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/writing-textbooks-why-doesnt-it-count
- Rollans, G., & De la Chenelière, M., Department of Canadian Heritage. (2010). Study of the Canadian K to 12 educational book publishing sector. Retrieved from Canadian Heritage http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2010/pc-ch/CH44-139-2010-eng.pdf
- Senack, E. (2014). Fixing the broken textbook market: How students respond to high textbook cost and demand alternatives. Retrieved from http://www.uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/NATIONAL%20Fixing%20Broken%20Textbooks%20Report1.pdf
- Senack, E. (2016, August 31). Textbooks cost a lot. Here's why [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/ethan-senack/textbooks-cost-a-lot-ere_b_8065762.html
- Starr-Glass, D. (2011). Reconsidering Boyer's reconsideration: Paradigms, sharing, and engagement. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 5(2).
- Truth and Reconciliation Commission. (2015). Calls to action. Retrieved from http://www.trc.ca/websites/trcinstitution/File/2015/Findings/Calls_to_Action_English2.pdf
- United States Department of Education. (2015, October 29). U.S. Department of Education Launches Campaign to Encourage Schools to #GoOpen with Educational Resources [Press release]. Retrieved from https://www.ed.gov/news/press-releases/us-department-education-launches-campaign-encourage-schools-goopen-educational-resources
- United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. (2012). What are open educational resources (OERs)? [Webpage] Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources/what-are-open-educational-resources-oers/
- University of Regina. (2015, November 3). Responding to the truth and reconciliation commission calls to action: Faculty of education [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://projectofheart.ca/sk/2015/11/03/responding-to-the-truth-and-reconciliation-commission-calls-to-action-faculty-of-education/
- Veletsianos, G., & Moe, R. (2017). The rise of educational technology as a sociocultural and ideological phenomenon. Educause Review. [Blog post] Retrieved from http://er.educause.edu/articles/2017/4/the-rise-of-educational-technology-as-a-sociocultural-and-ideological-phenomenon
- Wiley, D., Hilton III, J. L., Ellington, S., & Hall, T. (2012). A preliminary examination of the cost savings and learning impacts of using open textbooks in middle and high school science classes. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(3), 262-276.
- Wiley, D. (2014, March 5). The access compromise and the 5th R [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221