In this article, the author explains and assesses the modern municipal statutory frameworks in Canada. More specifically he examines the novel provisions that provincial and territorial governments are including in some of the emerging municipal statutory frameworks. The overarching purpose of such novel provisions is to supplant the restrictive features the traditional municipal statutory frameworks with permissive and empowering features. Such novel provisions include recognition of municipal governments as ‘orders of government’, ‘spheres of jurisdiction’, and ‘natural person powers’, as well as broader corporate powers and broader bylaw making powers. The author concludes that although the novel provisions constitute important steps in the right direction, they do not constitute a panacea either for municipal governments or, more importantly, for municipal governance. Indeed, he suggests that there is the potential for some negative ramifications for both if such novel provisions are not adopted and implemented with due care and attention to important matters such as the organizational capacity of various types of municipal governments to use them appropriately for various governance purposes.
Cadres législatifs contemporains pour le gouvernement municipal au Canada
L’auteur examine la nature et les impacts probables des nouveaux cadres législatifs proposés récemment par plusieurs gouvernements provinciaux du Canada pour encadrer la gouverne au niveau municipal. L’objectif global de ces réformes est d’offrir davantage d’autonomie aux gouvernements locaux. Bien que ces mesures constituent des réformes souhaitables, elles n’offrent pas de panacées aux gouvernements municipaux qui font face à des défis importants en matière de gouvernance. De plus, à moins qu’on porte une attention particulière à certains enjeux, notamment la capacité organisationnelle des administrations locales, ces modifications pourraient avoir certaines conséquences indésirables.
Veuillez télécharger l’article en PDF pour le lire.
- Boswell, Peter G. “Provincial-Municipal Relations,” in Christopher Dunn, ed., Provinces: Canadian Provincial Politics. Toronto: Broadview Press, 1996.
- Canadian Federation of Municipalities. “Future Role of Municipal Government”, 1998. [Mimeographed]
- Graham, Katherine, Susan D. Phillips with Allan M. Maslove. Urban Governance in Canada: Representation, Resources, and Restructuring. Toronto: Harcourt Brace, 1998.
- Graham, Katherine and Susan D. Phillips. “Emerging Solitudes: The New Era in Provincial-Municipal Relations,” in Martin W. Westmacott and Hugh P. Mellon, eds., Public Administration and Public Policy: Governing in Challenging Times. Scarborough: Prentice Hall, 1999.
- Gagnon, Kristin and Donald Lidstone. “A Comparison of New and Proposed Municipal Acts of the Provinces,” (Prepared for the 1998 Annual Conference of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities held in Regina), 1998. [Mimeographed]
- Makuch, Stanley M. “Case Comment: The Corporation of the Borough of East York et al. and Attorney General for Ontario 34 O.R. (3d) 789”, 1997. [Mimeographed]
- Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. New Directions: A New Municipal Act for Ontario, 2001. [Mimeographed].
- Ontario, Municipal Affairs and Housing. A New Act for Ontario, Backgrounder released October 18, 2001. Retrieved November 18, 2001, from http//www.mah.gov.on.ca/inthnews/background/200011018e.asp
- Sancton, Andrew. “The Municipal Role in the Governance of Canadian Cities,” in Canadian Cities in Transition. Second edition. Bunting, Trudy and Pierre Filion, editors. Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2000.
- Saskatchewan, Task Force on Municipal Legislative Renewal. Options 2000: A Framework for Municipal Renewal (Rural and Urban Sectors) – Final Report, 2000.
- Saskatchewan, City Mayors and City Managers/Commissioners, Draft Urban Legislation for Cities, September 6, 2001.
- Saskatchewan, City Mayors and City Managers/Commissioners, Proposed City Act, February 12, 2001. [Mimeographed]
- Siegel, David. “Reinventing Local Government: The Promise and the Problems,” in Leslie F. Seidle, ed., Rethinking Government: Reform or Reinvention. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1993.
- Tindal, Richard C. and Susan Nobes Tindal. Local Government in Canada. Fifth edition. Scarborough: Nelson, 2000.
- Toronto (2000). “Towards a New Relationship with Ontario and Canada (Press Release).”[Mimeographed]
- Toronto (2000). “Towards a New Relationship with Ontario and Canada (Staff Report).”[Mimeographed]
- Toronto (2000). “The Time is Right for New Relationships with Ontario and Canada (Background Report).” [Mimeographed]
- Toronto (2000). “Power of Canadian Cities-The Legal Framework (Background Report).” [Mimeographed]
- Toronto (2000). “Comparison of Powers and Revenue Sources of Selected Cities (Background Report).” [Mimeographed]