Recensions et comptes rendusPhilosophie

Gilles Maloney, Moi, Aristote (À propos), Québec, Presses de l’Université Laval, 2020, 15,2 × 22,8 cm, IX-648 p., ISBN 978-2-7637-4698-2

  • Daniel Regnier

…plus d’informations

  • Daniel Regnier
    Associate Professor, Language, Literatures and Cultural Studies, St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon

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Couverture de Le bon pasteur : une métaphore parlante pour un <em>leadership</em> d’aujourd’hui ?, Volume 74, numéro 2-3, mai–décembre 2022, p. 161-456, Science et Esprit

Aristotle is perhaps the most commented philosopher. Gilles Maloney’s Moi, Aristote represents in some sense an attempt to ‘uncomment’ on Aristotle, to let him speak for himself. In the avant- propos to his biographie romancée of Aristotle, Maloney promises to remain faithful to the vocabulary and thought of the philosopher. He delivers on this promise. Given that Aristotle’s opera consist largely of lecture notes, Maloney does not have too much difficulty in finding a model for Aristotle’s voice. It is the voice of a calm teacher and a philosopher for whom the beginning of philosophy is in wonder – the Greek thauma. Gilles Maloney is a retired member of the Literature Department at Laval University. A classicist distinguished by his contributions to scholarship on the Hippocratic corpus, Maloney’s knowledge of ancient science is evident in his patient integration of Aristotle’s biological works into Moi, Aristote. In fact, the biography includes almost exhaustive references to Aristotle’s works. Maloney manages in his biography of the philosopher to summarize with a light hand a broad range of key Aristotelian doctrines. The reader is introduced to (or reminded of) Aristotle’s accounts of psychology, ethics, politics, animal movement, as well as theology. Moreover, we encounter a broad cast of characters in this book, including, amongst others, Aristotle’s family, students and associates. Maloney clearly has the scholar’s eye for accuracy and completeness. Yet, Maloney is also an excellent writer. His literary skill is evidenced in the deftly executed structure of the work. Certain elements of ring composition can be discerned in the references to Aristotle’s interests. For example, Aristotle’s early fascination with movement is crowned by an almost mystical awareness of the unmoved mover towards the end of the book. The theme of rhetoric, introduced early on in relation to Plato’s dialogues and Aristotle’s work at his teacher’s Academy, reaches a climax in the final pages with an account of the drafting of Aristotle’s Rhetoric in the context of his own school, the Lyceum. Moreover, the great orator Demosthenes is prominent throughout Moi, Aristote. In fact, Maloney quotes directly from many of his speeches. In fact, Demosthenes personifies Athenian resistance to Macedonian ascendance. And, although Aristotle’s life path provides logic and cohesion to the book, political events provide most of the forward movement. That is, the dramatic arc of Moi, Aristote traces the rise and fall of Macedonia and its relations with Athens. This political background is structured in a diptych of sorts. Throughout roughly the first half of the book, Philip of Macedonia makes regular appearances both as political leader and as Aristotle’s friend and associate, while in the second half it is Aristotle’s pupil Alexander the Great who plays the role of communicating the political realities of the day to the reader and binding that larger world to Aristotle himself. The general question of the political is, however, introduced already towards the beginning of the book as Aristotle is made aware of Plato’s involvement with politics in Syracuse. Maloney delicately puts Aristotle’s ethics into relation with Aristotle’s first-person accounts of the characters we encounter in the work, above all of Philip and Alexander. Although he does not obscure what are for modern readers Aristotle’s completely unacceptable views on gender and slavery, Maloney does represent Aristotle as a kind and generous person both in his relations to women and slaves. Although the plot is driven largely by political events, these do have a direct impact on his peripatetic existence and his emotional life. For example, Aristotle witnesses the unhappy aftermath of the destruction of his hometown at the hands of Philip’s forces. …