Canadian Journal of Regional Science
Revue canadienne des sciences régionales
Volume 45, numéro 3, 2022
Sommaire (5 articles)
A Socio-economic Review of the Impacts of Northwest Territories’ Inuvik to Tuktoyaktuk Highway 10
G. Kent Fellows, Alaz Munzur et Jennifer Winter
We investigate and project the likely socio-economic effects on the community of Tuktoyaktuk from completion of the all-season Highway 10 (the Inuvik-Tuktoyaktuk Highway) in Northwest Territories, Canada. Prior to the highway’s completion, Tuktoyaktuk was connected to the rest of Canada by air, winter road, and the Mackenzie River in summer. Our analysis is based on estimated relationships between community remoteness and quantifiable socio-economic metrics using the recently developed Index of Remoteness and associated agglomeration data from Statistics Canada (Alasia et al. 2017). Most notable among our results is a statistically strong relationship between agglomeration and both the mean and distribution of household and family incomes, implying that Highway 10 increases incomes across the income distribution. We find similar evidence suggesting increased rates of high school completion. We find no statistically significant relationship between agglomeration and employment participation rates. There is a positive relationship for some forms of crime but no relationship for violent or property crime rates.
The Impact of Road Connection on Employment and Education in Northern Canada
Thomas Stringer et Marcelin Joanis
Road connection is viewed as a contributing factor to a variety of positive economic outcomes. However, for remote subarctic communities, it can also mean a significant impact on in their way of life. To which extent does road connection impact socio-economic outcomes such as salary, education or employment? This paper uses census data from Northern Quebec and Labrador to assess the effects of road connection on municipalities connected between 1986 and 2016. Using a difference-in-differences specification to an OLS regression model, assorted with robustness checks, we find that road connection is correlated with increased employment rates and educational attainment and decreased unemployment. While we also find positive and significant correlations between road connection and income in many specifications, that particular result is not robust when ensuring that error terms are not subject to cross-sectional dependence. Overall, our results support the conjecture that road connection of remote municipalities generates non-negligible economic benefits.
“It takes A Village”: An Examination of Intra-local Collaborative Economic Development Practices in Ontario, Canada, during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Jesse Sutton, Kavanagh Lambert et Godwin Arku
Economic development practitioners have traditionally acted in isolation from their local counterparts, such as community organizations, businesses, and other municipal agencies. This type of economic development practice hinders practitioners’ ability to access available resources in their local economy and effectively undertake economic development. Local practitioners in Ontario, Canada, are no exception, as they typically engage in siloed economic development practices, characterized by a general lack of intra-local collaboration. The aim of this paper is to determine if the COVID-19 pandemic has facilitated local practitioners’ economic development practices in Ontario towards intra-local collaboration. To do so, thirty-seven in-depth interviews were conducted with senior local development practitioners in Ontario during the pandemic. The findings indicate that intra-local collaboration had been occurring in localities to a limited extent prior to the pandemic, but has since been intensified, despite several barriers. The gravitation towards intra-local collaboration was motivated by the tremendous challenges brought about by the pandemic, but underpinned by the realization that effective economic development cannot be undertaken in isolation, requiring collective engagement by local actors. During the pandemic, the practitioners intensified their intra-local collaborative practices to increase their access to available local resources, enhance their learning of best practices and acquisition of knowledge, and address common issues faced by various local actors.
Personnalité du dirigeant et marketing dans le développement local durable
Sèvèho Timothée Ignace Amidjogbe
Malgré l’engouement pour le développement durable à l’échelle locale, très peu d’études se sont préoccupées d’évaluer le rôle de la personnalité des dirigeants dans la conduite du marketing comme outil primordial de gestion des collectivités territoriales. Notre étude analyse comment la personnalité du dirigeant dans la pratique professionnelle influence le développement durable au plan local. Les résultats de cette étude permettent d’obtenir un modèle conceptuel qui relève que les dirigeants ayant un sens élevé du patriotisme et une grande ouverture à l’expérience se servent de la segmentation pour développer durablement leur territoire, alors que ceux possédant une grande vision pratiquent plus l’investissement marketing pour le développement durable de leur territoire.
Despite the enthusiasm for sustainable development at the local level, very few studies have focused their attention on evaluating the role of the personality of leaders in the conduct of marketing as an essential tool for the management of local authorities. Our study analyzes how the personality of the leader in professional practice influences sustainable development at the local level. The results of the study allow us to develop a conceptual model showing that leaders with a high sense of patriotism and an openness to experience use segmentation to develop their territory sustainably, while those with a great vision tend to rely more on marketing investments for the sustainable development of their territory.
Viewing the COVID-19 Pandemic from Space: The Effect of COVID-related Mobility Declines on Night Light Brightness in Canada
High-frequency economic data for small areas is often difficult to obtain in Canada and other countries. This paper overcomes this limitation by using monthly data derived from satellite night light images as a proxy for economic activity in Canadian Census Divisions. This proxy is used in conjunction with Facebook mobility data to estimate the effects of mobility declines due to COVID-19 on economic activity. I find robust evidence that reductions in movements are strongly negatively associated with declines in luminosity. Further analyses suggest that this effect is weaker in more densely populated areas, but stronger in Census Divisions with a higher concentration of retail businesses. My findings suggest that policies which reduce the need for in-person activities can mitigate the negative effects of COVID-related mobility reductions on economic activity. This paper also further highlights the value of using monthly satellite night lights data in economic analysis.