Collective action in social work has always been a fertile ground for advocacy. With its principles of social justice, solidarity, autonomy and democracy, collective and/or community-based intervention involves social, economic, cultural and political claims. Through their work and activities, social workers, citizens and volunteers are called upon to take a position on several political issues, either implicitly or explicitly, and thus become advocates. This advocacy contributes to the establishment of a plural democracy and the struggle for recognition by oppressed or marginalized communities. This “struggle for recognition”, as defined by Honneth (2008), allows us to better understand the role of conflicts in the social integration processes, as well as the place of advocacy within a transformative vision of society.
In the early 1970s, Jack Rothman’s work on community organization practices introduced the concept of models for community intervention practice. Over the decades, the classifications of other American and Canadian authors have been added to the initial classification of models of social planning, local development and social action. Each of these authors contributed to further characterize the practices of community intervention traditionally associated with the field of social action. The accumulated knowledge allows today to propose a more refined classification of the practices of social action according to three strategies: emancipatory, cooperative-persuasive and confrontational.
This article examines the experience of activism by individuals who use personal testimonials delivered in a public forum to advocate for the social inclusion of their sexual and gender communities. We describe the experience of activists from three social groups who are the target of stigma and discrimination due to their sexual identity, sexual practices, gender expression or the development of their bodies: people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer or intersex (LGBTQI), people living with HIV and people with sex work experience – and their intersections. A political, sensitive and intersectional conception of community is put forward in order to capture the transversal aspects of this militancy while highlighting the singularities of the multiple perspectives that compose it. We conclude by noting similarities between such community testimonials and twentieth century feminist interventions and the epistemic and mobilization challenges they raise.
This article presents the results of a study aimed at understanding the trajectory of engagement among women who occupy paid positions in the voluntary and community not-for-profit sector in New Brunswick. To be more precise, in collaboration with these women, we wanted to understand their past and current reasons for being involved in this sector as well as the meaning they gave to their engagement. Participants who engage in the defense of vulnerable populations’ rights, in a social justice and social change perspective — the motor of their commitment — are themselves in a position of iniquity. This commitment to improve the living conditions of people contributes to social cohesion in a context where the social State is crumbling. Thus, the involvement of women in this sector is about social justice aimed at rebuilding a more equitable society. However, the challenge is twofold: to give back the power to act to vulnerable populations while recognizing the contribution of women leaders in the community sector both socially and economically.
Drawing on the results of our thesis, this article reports on the ways in which some of LGBTQ+ people from Lebanese descent, living in Montreal and whom are involved in a militant organization for the rights of sexual and racialized minorities, articulate and negotiate their ethno-sexual identifications. Inspired by an intersectional framing that takes into account the overlapping effects of various axes of social structures such as gender, class, sexuality, ethnicity, age, etc., the results of this research suggest, among other things, that there are different ways of representing oneself and being homosexual, and that individuals sharing non-normative sexualities do not necessarily inscribe themselves in the hegemonic gay discourse currently dominant within Western context.
This article focuses on the participation of women in Quebec community birthing
centres by analyzing its socio-historical evolution from parent committees’ perspectives. It
is based on a qualitative research carried out with women who participate in these parent
committees to understand how they organize and develop concrete innovations and actions
corresponding to their realities and the needs of their communities. It offers a broader
understanding of activist parents’ demands and efforts to re-appropriate their own birthing
processes, as well as their community birthing centres. This paper situates the historical,
political, legal and institutional context of these committees’ actions and also presents
the practice of midwifery as it relates to these committees. Research results, analyzed
within a participation conceptual framework, identify women’s struggles for a respected
maternity, both for themselves and for their communities; describe different types of
committees and actions they led; outline the challenges met and strategies developed by
women; and relate their perspectives on their own participation within parent
Working in a domestic violence shelter, with a feminist approach, means that
employees have to work toward social change while dealing with crisis situations. This dual
role is sometimes difficult and requires multiple strategies which will be discussed in the