Background: A scoping review was conducted to map the current body of research pertaining to simulation-enhanced interprofessional education (Sim-IPE) as a modality for teaching interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in the emergencydepartment (ED).
Methods and Findings: The research team followed the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews framework. Studies were included if they involved two or more healthcare professions, utilized simulation as the learning method for interprofessional education (IPE), involved simulation pertaining to the ED, and identified at least one Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative or Interprofessional Education Collaborative IPC competency as a learning outcome. In total, 896 studies were included for title and abstract screening and 806 were deemed irrelevant. Ninety full-text studies were assessed for eligibility and 34 were included in the review.
Conclusions: Eighteen studies found Sim-IPE to be an effective method for teaching interprofessional competencies in the ED. Simulation-enhanced interprofessional education appears to be a promising methodology for teaching IPC competencies to ED healthcare professionals. Interprofessional collaboration competency frameworks should be utilized to guide Sim-IPE, and assessment tools specific to interprofessional competencies should be used in the assessment phase of Sim-IPE. Faculty development is a crucial component of Sim-IPE. Further longitudinal and outcome-based research is required.
Background: An introductory, longitudinal, authentic experiential IPE opportunity named LIFE was delivered. The objectives were to 1) compare attitudes, including cultural attitudes and beliefs, and team behaviours of learners over time, and 2) assess association between participation in LIFE and changes in team attitudes and performance.
Methods: Students (n = 48) from eight schools worked in eight teams. Each team was assigned to a patient/family, who was asked about health and healthcare experiences. Students completed Students’ Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education–Revision 2 (SPICE-R2), Cultural Attitude and Belief Scale (CABS), and Interprofessional Collaborator Assessment Rubric (ICAR). Analyses focused on differences over time for all participants and by team.
Findings: Knowledge of roles improved for four teams, and five teams showed improvements in “techniques” to interact with diverse patients. Notably, “communication,” “collaborative working,” and “roles” changed across three teams for ICAR. One team showed improvements in all three assessments and two teams showed little to no changes.
Conclusion: LIFE was associated with improvements in “roles” and “techniques” to help teams interact with diverse patients.
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