Volume 18, Number 1, Spring 2012
L’intervention communautaire chez les francophones minoritaires : des pratiques à découvrir
Guest-edited by Marie-Luce Garceau, Stéphane Richard, Sébastien Savard and Marc Charron
Community intervention is related to the changes in public policy, social movements and more widely to those social issues. New Public Management and private initiatives based on consultation and community mobilization challenge community organizers in their practice and ethics. The proliferation of community development workers and the emergence of territory development invite community practitioners to open up their practice and challenges of a new type to better support systems for collective action targeting local issues around cross-cutting an integrated development project.
This paper reports results of an empirical research which aimed to identify strategic principles of intervention in favor of collective action protest. Our literature review highlights two needs for knowledge : 1. identification of sociopolitical intervention strategies supported by theoretical and empirical considerations, and 2. contextual phenomena which influence the choice of these strategies. The achievement of 27 monographs on social struggles allows identifying middle range strategies and those processes that lead actors to carry out plans that were not always planned at the starting point. In conclusion, the author retains certain principles of his observations to any professional organizer to become more strategic.
The prevalence of homelessness and its social, economic, cultural, and health consequences are a problem for governments and others working in this field. However, it is difficult to define homelessness, to count homeless persons or to estimate their population, and to determine the appropriate method to be used in a study. Using data from the “Poverty, homelessness and migration” project, the levels, experiences and reasons for homelessness among Francophones in Timmins and North Bay were studied and compared with those of Anglophones and Aboriginals in these two communities.