Volume 18, Number 2, Fall 2012
Les inégalités sociales de santé chez les communautés francophones en situation minoritaire (CFSM) au Canada
Guest-edited by Monique Benoit, Louise Bouchard, Marie-Luce Garceau and Anne Leis
This article reports a research on active offer of French Language Services (FLS) in Ontario. The study objectives were to identify the definitions of active offer of FLS, to identify the practices of active offer (facilitators and / or barriers), to identify indicators to measure the active offer and propose recommendations to improve the active offer of FLS. To this end, a literature review, a survey of professionals in the field of planning health services in French and a workshop concept mapping has been undertaken.
Health and social services in French are accessible to only one quarter of the francophone population in Manitoba (de Moissac, 2011). A shortage of health professionals capable of offering services in French is perceived as a significant obstacle, not only for clients requesting these services but also for health professionals wanting to assure referral and follow-up care in French for their clients. Does the reluctance to identify one’s self as francophone and the lack of knowledge in regards to available resources in French contribute to this perception of professional shortage? This article deals with the challenges associated with the offer of health and social services in French in Manitoba and potential solutions to improve access to these services.
This study explores the perceptions, beliefs, knowledge and attitudes of a group of francophone seniors from New Brunswick in regards to dementia and its diagnosis; the early diagnosis of dementia is crucial both for the identification of reversible causes and the timely implementation of interventions for secondary prevention. Ninety-one francophone seniors from New Brunswick aged 65 and older were surveyed in regards to dementia and its diagnosis in this exploratory quantitative study. Among other things, it was found that although the participants from this study feared receiving a diagnosis of dementia, most would want to receive the diagnosis if they had dementia. Results stress the importance of educating the public regarding dementia and its evaluation services. Other implications are discussed.
Considering that one in nine Canadians hospitalized for mental illness returns to emergency within one month after leaving hospital, we are interested in documenting, from a socio-historical perspective, the “trans-institutional” itineraries of people suffering from psychiatric disorders. We are proposing here a research note from the study that we are conducting on the evolution of mental health care services specifically for Francophone communities in Eastern and Northern Ontario, as well as for an Anglophone community in western Quebec. These comparisons between French-speaking regions of Ontario and Anglophones in Montreal will contribute to a better understanding of the impact that factors of « language service » and « culture » have on the mental health of Francophone minority communities.