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(All fields : peter hoffer)

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  1. 2.

    Dorota Kozinska, David Garneau, John K. Grande, Virgil Hammock and Melissa Lam

    English Reports

    Document published in Vie des arts (cultural, collection Érudit)

    2007

  2. 3.

    Article published in Anthropologie et Sociétés (scholarly, collection Érudit)

    2006

    La culture sensible

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    This essay offers an historical investigation of the crossing of sensory cultures in the Iroquois missions of the seventeenth century in an attempt to assess the role that light played, as matter and as symbol, in the encounter between the Jesuits and the Iroquois. The analysis of the relations between vision and audition in these two cultures permits us to better understand the popularity of shiny materials in the missionizing context. While the Jesuits opposed word and image, the audible and the visible, the Iroquois saw vision as the equivalent of the voice. This equivalence was manifest in the use of shiny materials like, for example, shell bands (wampum) in the transmission of important speeches. The play of light on the surface of things subsumed the differences between sight and hearing for the Iroquois. It could be that this was the reason the missionaries privileged luminous décor in their apostolic activities among the Iroquois. Through creating interiors adorned with candles, wampum and textiles, the Jesuits sought to “convert” the Amerindians to their conception of a beyond that was immeasurably more luminous and life-giving than the glints of light off the surface of things. It remains that, for the Iroquois, these intermittent reflections were precious in themselves : such glimmers vitalized the social fabric, replenished forces, and distributed an inestimable bounty to the whole community.

    Keywords: Clair,Iroquois,Jesuit missions,senses,image,wampum,luminous decor

  3. 4.

    Article published in Vie des arts (cultural, collection Érudit)

    2009

  4. 5.

    Document published in Labour (scholarly, collection Centre for Digital Scholarship)

    2010

  5. 6.

    Article published in Relations industrielles (scholarly, collection Érudit)

    1969

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    This paper presents a overall review and an interpretation of the vast existing literature on union democracy in the United States.

  6. 7.

    Article published in Recherches sociographiques (scholarly, collection Érudit)

    2017

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    This article examines the extent to which the stratification of secondary education in Quebec, favoured by the education market, has an impact on social inequalities regarding access to university. Based on a longitudinal survey—the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS)—we show that students whose schooling was limited to the regular curriculum of the public school system are significantly less likely to enter university than their peers from private institutions or those who took advanced placement classes in a public school. These differences remain significant when controlling for student performance and social background. A double hypothesis has been put forward for interpreting these results. On the one hand, stratification engenders unequal conditions of schooling among pupils, insofar as classroom composition is determined very much by social and educational factors. On the other hand, stratification allows, at an institutional level, students to follow differentiated educational paths.

    Keywords: market (education),social inequalities,access to university,(secondary) schools,social reproduction,private school (or private/public school)

  7. 9.

    Article published in Recherches sociographiques (scholarly, collection Érudit)

    2009

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    The occupational transition among young Quebecers with and without secondary school diplomas ; What role is played by the family ?This paper presents an analysis of the role of the family in the transition to an occupation among young Québec secondary school graduates (n = 32), and non-graduates (n = 35). The analysis of semi-directed interviews carried out 4 to 6 years after they left school is based on theories of social networks and forms of capital (human, social and economic). It demonstrates that the young non-graduates benefit more from the « weakness of strong ties » to avoid exclusion from the labour market, whereas the young graduates tend more to take advantage of « weak ties » and financial assistance from their parents to build their transition to working life.

  8. 10.

    Article published in Studies in Canadian Literature / Études en littérature canadienne (scholarly, collection UNB)

    2003