Science of Nursing and Health Practices Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Editor(s): Sylvie Cossette, inf. Ph. D., Faculté des sciences infirmières, Université de Montréal (Rédactrice en chef), Mélina Bernier, M.A. Intervention sociale, Faculté des sciences infirmières, Université de Montréal (Coordonnatrice de rédaction et de production)


To better serve the scientific community, partners and audiences of the journal, Science infirmière et pratiques en santé – Science of Nursing and Health Practices has migrated, on April 24, 2021, to Érudit. ​​​The 35 peer-reviewed articles published in the 7 issues of the journal to date (June 2018 - June 2021), appear under the “Issues” tab.

Indexed in  and obtained the seal of excellence:  

“The DOAJ Seal is awarded to journals that demonstrate best practice in open access publishing. Around 10% of journals indexed in DOAJ have been awarded the Seal.”

To submit a manuscript, please refer to the instructions for authors on the “Submissions” page of the journal's website at the following address:

Login (if you already have a user account) or Register to make a submission.

Note: The journal's website is functional, but under construction. Please let us know if you encounter any problems or errors; so we can improve it. For any queries, please contact the Managing Editor



Science of Nursing and Health Practices (Science infirmière et pratiques en santé) is an international, bilingual, open-access journal free to readers and authors. Produced by the Quebec Network on Nursing Intervention Research (Réseau de recherche en interventions en sciences infirmières du Québec or RRISIQ), the journal strives to democratize access to research results so that the benefits and outcomes of research concerning health practices may be applied to greater effect.

The journal aims to publish original articles that will contribute to the advancement of knowledge concerning the understanding of the health-related experiences spectrum. Health is defined as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (World Health Organization). This definition is consistent with the core values of the nursing discipline. The journal is interested in scholarly works studying factors that can contribute to health as defined above, i.e., as an holistic phenomenon, notably social and environmental factors, as well as the development or adaptation, implementation and evaluation of best practices. Our journal makes a point of publishing articles of high scientific quality. The journal also encourages the diversity of research questions to optimize knowledge development that is inclusive in its themes and encompassing in its scope.

The journal's editorial team invites authors to submit articles concerning health practices in the following fields:

  • practices with individuals, families, communities and populations,
  • organizational practices,
  • educational practices and
  • sociopolitical practices.


The journal publishes five types of articles:

1-Empirical research articles

2-Knowledge synthesis articles

3-Theoretical discussion and methodology articles

4-Knowledge application articles

5-Research protocol articles

Manuscripts may be submitted in English or French. They are published in their original language along with an abstract in both languages.


Editor in chief

Sylvie Cossette, Ph. D. RN

Faculty of nursing, Université de Montréal, Research Centre of the Montreal Heart Institute                                                                                                                                                      

Managing Editor

Mélina Bernier, M.A. Social intervention

Faculty of nursing, Université de Montréal


Back issues (7 issues)

Permanent archiving of articles on Érudit is provided by Portico.

Editorial policy and ethics

Editorial policies


Authors hold the copyright on their papers without restrictions and retain it without restrictions after publication of the papers on the journal’s website.

Open access

All of the articles published online on the Érudit website are open access as defined under the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI). Users are authorized to read, download, copy, distribute, print, research and create a link to the integral text of articles or to re-use them for any other legitimate purpose without asking for permission from the editor or the author, provided that the author and the original source are properly cited.

Articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY) licence, which allows unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation of the articles by any means and in any format, provided that the author and the original source are properly cited.

Submission processing fee

The journal does not charge a fee for processing submissions. The journal is free to authors.

Peer review process 

Review mode: double-blind (manuscripts and peer reviews reports are anonymous).

Process: Each manuscript is first examined by the Editor in Chief. If the paper meets the journal’s requirements, it is submitted for review, that is, it is subjected to the critical review of at least two experts in the field. Reviewers, to review manuscripts, use standardized and recognized reporting guidelines, e.g., PRISMA for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, SRQR for qualitative research studies, SPIRIT for research protocols (see the EQUATOR site for reporting guidelines of main study types). We ask reviewers to provide constructive feedback and provide concrete lines of work to help authors improve their manuscript. They also make two recommendations to the core editorial team, namely the level of correction requested following the first review (acceptation recommended; almost as is [editing changes], minor revisions required, major revisions required, refusal recommended) and the scope or potential impact for research, practice, training, or management (very high impact potential, high impact potential, moderate/low impact potential, niche of interest/too specific).

Upon reviewing the evaluation reports, the core editorial team will provide the authors with an initial decision: 1- Accept submission almost as is (editing changes), 2- minor revisions required, 3- major revisions required, 4- submission refused. Comments from reviewers will be provided with this initial decision as well as any other revisions or corrections requested by the core editorial team, as appropriate. The submission will be evaluated again following the reception of the enhanced version of the authors and either the editorial process will continue, or the submission will be declined. After examining the requested corrections (first or second round) a final decision will be transmitted to the authors. The final decision cannot be appealed. Throughout the process, the core editorial team works together to offer support to authors to improve the quality of their manuscript: written language, logic of the scientific presentation, clarity of tables and figures.

Here are the detailed steps, following the double-blind peer review, up to the production stage, when the manuscript is accepted:

  • Following the review reports, authors submit an enhance version of their manuscript.
  • Also, authors must describe, point by point in a two-column table (Reviewers’ comments and Responses to reviewers) the changes they made to the resubmitted manuscript. This document must be blinded and submitted as a separate file from the new version of the manuscript.
  • To facilitate verification of the revisions and corrections made, all changes made to the manuscript during the editorial process must be visible in track changes mode in Microsoft Word.
  • When authors resubmit their manuscript after making the required changes, they restore the names of authors and affiliations. This file will not be seen by the reviewers but will be forwarded to the production team if the manuscript is accepted for publication.
  • When a manuscript has been accepted for publication, after the journal proceeds with the final page layout of the article, authors are asked to do a final proofread of their article and to give their approval for publication within a given time limit. No significant changes will be allowed at this stage of the process.

Ethical considerations

All manuscripts submitted to the journal must be based on research conducted in strict compliance with the codes of ethics and conduct specific to each author’s professional association. Studies conducted with volunteers must have obtained the approval of a research ethics board and the free and informed consent of participants. Authors must specify in the Methods section whether participants provided verbal or written consent. If necessary, please refer to The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association - Declaration of Helsinki.

The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject any article based on human research that did not receive prior ethical approval from a recognized, reputable institution. 


Authors are responsible for the content of their manuscript and for obtaining written permission from the editors or authors to reproduce any material protected by copyright (e.g., excerpts, tables, figures) and clearly stipulating the source of the material.


Copying in full or in part, word for word, without permission or without properly citing authors or original sources and paraphrasing or appropriating the ideas or words of others after modifying them without giving credit to authors or original sources are different forms of plagiarism.

  • Authors must make sure not to appropriate the words, ideas or figures of others without proper attribution. All sources must be cited where they are used (text, table, figure) and any words or passages reproduced in part or any ideas paraphrased must be attributed to their authors in the text.
  • The journal is committed to fighting plagiarism and article duplication by carefully scrutinizing manuscripts before sending them for a peer review of the scientific quality. Some articles may have to be rectified or corrected. The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject manuscripts on the grounds of plagiarism when sufficiently substantiated.

Instruction pour les auteurs

Instructions for authors

Any manuscript submitted must meet the quality criteria for publication (sources:; .html) that is:

  • The study presents the results of original research.
  • Results reported have not been published elsewhere.
  • Experiments, statistics, and other analyses are performed to a high technical standard and are described in sufficient detail.
  • Conclusions are presented in an appropriate fashion and are supported by the data.
  • The article is presented in an intelligible fashion and is written in standard English (or French).
  • The research meets all applicable standards for the ethics of experimentation and research integrity.
  • The article adheres to appropriate reporting guidelines and community standards for data availability.

To find out about the reporting guidelines for different types of studies, visit the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network website at: The authors may choose the appropriate grid for their study or their knowledge synthesis.

1-Empirical research articles

Empirical research articles disseminate the results of studies based on a variety of designs that apply qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods and may refer to different conceptual frameworks in order to address specific research questions and hypotheses in an appropriate and coherent manner.

These articles should be structured with the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion.

  • Articles concerning the development or validation of an instrument of measure must, when initially submitted, be accompanied by the complete instrument in a separate or supplementary file. Moreover, articles regarding an instrument of measure must include an empirical evaluation (data collection and analysis) documenting the instrument’s validity or reliability.
  • Authors who submit a manuscript of clinical trial evaluating the effects of one or more health-related interventions on health outcomes of participants (Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council [SSHRC], Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council [NSERC] of Canada, Canadian Institutes of Health Research [CIHR], 2018) must have registered the study protocol prior to the recruitment of the first participant in a publicly accessible registry (see ISRCTN or the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform: in accordance with the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans and the criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Registration is required for the manuscript to be considered for double-blind peer review. The registry name and the study protocol registration number must be provided in the cover letter when initially submitting the manuscript. In addition, all clinical trial manuscripts must be accompanied, at the time of submission, by the 25-item CONSORT checklist completed.

Clinical trials include the evaluation of interventions. As defined by the Tri-Council Policy of Canada: “An intervention is the planned imposition of a condition or set of conditions on participants for the purposes of research. The conditions may be such things as a task, an activity, a treatment, exposure to stimuli, or a change to environment. The purpose of the research may be to describe, measure, evaluate, explain, or observe participants’ reactions or responses to one or more of the imposed conditions” (SSHRC, NSERC, CIHR, pp. 144). The journal will consider clinical trial manuscripts that meet criteria for ethics, registration, and scientific quality.

2-Knowledge synthesis articles

Knowledge synthesis articles aims to provide a systematic and substantial summary of the literature in a given field of research or to present a critical assessment of the existing literature. These articles follow the same structure as for empirical research articles.

3-Theoretical discussion and methodology articles

Theoretical discussion and methodology articles include a) articles that aim at proposing methodological innovations to overcome challenges or gaps concerning methods or theories by examining different facets of the process and procedures of research. For example:

  • Populations, sampling and recruitment methods
  • Data collection, management and analysis methods
  • Participatory research methods
  • Epistemology, paradigms and research methods 
  • Health intervention evaluation methods

For a) authors may submit a long article or a brief report depending, for instance, on whether the article is informed by the lessons learned of a primary study (long) or whether it presents a critical discussion centred exclusively on the use of a conceptual framework (short). 

For a) the proposed structure, for the body of the text and the abstract is as follows: Introduction, Data or information sources, Discussion, Implications and conclusion.

Theoretical discussion and methodology articles also include b) articles that report the development of interventions to improve health. When developing interventions, researchers use different approaches (e.g. collaborative process, community engagement), theories (e.g. Intervention Mapping, theory of change) and methods (e.g. mixed methods, qualitative, formative) to design interventions targeting different health experiences (e.g. behaviors, comorbidities, chronic diseases) of key populations (see the review by Croot et al. 2019:

For b) the structure of the articles is as follows: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion.

4-Knowledge application articles

Knowledge application articles document how the deployment of new knowledge into practices can be highly relevant and rigorous. This body of work is based on an evaluation process by measuring the impacts on indicators of health, well-being and functioning while reflecting and working in concert with knowledge users and, more broadly, with actors who are concerned by the improvement of such practices. For example:

  • Cloutier, N., Roy, M.-A., Blanchet, M. & Gallani, M. (2019). Optimiser l’accès aux soins de santé dans les services d’urgences pédiatriques : une voie d’accès rapide pour les enfants présentant un problème respiratoire aigu. Science of Nursing and Health Practices / Science infirmière et pratiques en santé, 2(2), 1–14.

For this type of article, the following structure is proposed: Introduction, Procedure, Evaluation, Discussion and conclusion.

5-Research protocol articles


A research protocol article is a brief report (2,500–3,000 words) that outlines all the components and steps of an empirical research or systematic review in its initial or developmental phase, providing sufficient detail on the research problem, methods used and anticipated issues. The journal Science of Nursing and Health Practices – Science infirmière et pratiques en santé proposes the following structure for manuscripts that present research protocols:

  1. Introduction, and research problem including a brief literature review
  2. Objectives
  3. Hypotheses or research questions
  4. Methods
  5. Discussion and conclusion

Objectives and scope

The purpose of publishing protocols in the journal Science of Nursing and Health Practices – Science infirmière et pratiques en santé is to:

  1. Reduce publication bias or selective reporting of results,
  2. Rapidly disseminate information on ongoing studies to clinicians, researchers, decision makers and the public,
  3. Promote collaboration between research teams,
  4. Reduce the duplication of studies,
  5. Provide greater detail than the study registration in cases where a study must also be registered.

Criteria for submitting protocol manuscripts

  • Manuscripts will be assessed in the first instance according to the following criteria:
    • The protocol must address an original research topic and/or new research method and be closely related to health practices (objectives and scope of the journal). This close relationship must be explicitly described in the cover letter accompanying the manuscript submission.
    • The protocol must meet the quality criteria for publication (see the publication criteria on the Érudit site, which are taken from, regardless of its approval by a scientific/ethics committee or support from a funding agency. The core editorial team may reject in the first instance any protocol that does not meet these quality of publication criteria.
    • Authors must follow the SPIRIT guidelines in submitting a clinical trial protocol or randomized study, or any other guideline appropriate to their research design housed on the EQUATOR website.
    • The written language must be of high quality to expedite the protocol evaluation process and avoid linguistic revisions.
    • Publication of the protocol does not replace registration of the study in a recognized database (ISRCTN, ICTRP,, PROSPERO); all studies involving evaluations of health outcomes and systematic reviews must first be registered. Authors must include the name of the registry and the study protocol registration number in their cover letter when initially submitting their manuscript. The protocol article should provide more details and clarifications than the registration in terms of the research problem, the methods used and the anticipated issues.
    • The protocol must be submitted to the journal Science of Nursing and Health Practices – Science infirmière et pratiques en santé after its approval by a human research ethics committee and before data collection is completed.
  • Once these criteria have been met, the manuscript will be submitted for double-blind peer review based on scientific quality criteria.
  • Authors whose manuscripts are accepted/published are invited to submit the manuscript of the study results once the study is completed.

Submitting a manuscript

To submit a manuscript, please refer to the instructions for authors on the “Submissions” page of the journal's website at the following address:

Login (if you already have a user account) or Register to make a submission.

Note: The journal's website is functional, but under construction. Please let us know if you encounter any problems or errors; so we can improve it. For any queries, please contact the Managing Editor

The submission must include: 1) Complete Manuscript, 2) Cover Letter.

1) The complete manuscript (Word) includes a title in French and English, a short title in the chosen language, an abstract (250 words) in French and English, five key words in French and English, the body of the text, the list of references, tables and figures.

Given that manuscripts will be subjected to a double-blind peer review, the first version of the article that you submit to the journal should contain no information that may identify the authors.

To learn more about the peer review process, see the information for authors on the external journal website or read the editorial policies above. 

2) The cover letter must specify the article’s objective and its expected contribution, and contain the following elements:

The cover letter must close with the following five headings:

1. Authors’ contributions

The contribution of each of the authors must be specified according to the criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to which the journal subscribes, whether an author has: 1) made a substantial contribution to the conception or design of the work; analysis, interpretation of data, 2) penned the work or revised it critically for a significant intellectual contribution, 3) approved the final version to be published and 4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of it are investigated and resolved in an appropriate way.

  • For example: NP and PP designed the study and supervised data collection and analysis. YB collected and analyzed the data. NP organized the article and prepared the first draft. YB drafted the methods section and PP, the introduction and the literature review. All three authors revised and approved the final version of the manuscript.

2. Acknowledgments

The authors recognize any individual or institutional support received:

  • For example: The authors would like to thank GL for her technical support, as well as the study participants and the administration of the hospital where data collection took place.

3. Funding

Authors must disclose all financial support received to conduct the project and/or draft the article:

  • For example: The authors received funding from the [name of program] of [name of institution] to conduct this study.
  • If authors received no funding, indicate the following: The authors received no funding to conduct the project reported in this article or to draft this article.

4. Statement of conflict of interest

It is the journal policy to require a statement of conflict of interest from all authors. If there are no conflicts to declare, indicate the following: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

5. Ethics certificate number

Articles reporting on research involving human subjects must clearly indicate the ethical approval obtained:

  • For example: The study received ethical approval [number] from the research ethics board of [name of institution].

Quality of language

The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject articles whose language or writing style does not meet the journal’s quality standards or to recommend the use of professional editing services at the authors’ expense. Moreover, non-discriminatory language must be used at all times.

Formatting guidelines

  • Empirical research articles and knowledge synthesis articles should be 3000–5000 words long (excluding endnotes, references, tables and figures).
  • Theoretical discussion and methodology articles and knowledge application articles may be prepared and submitted as a long article of 3000–5000 words or as a brief report of 1500–3000 words (excluding endnotes, references, tables and figures).
  • The following fonts should be used: 12-point Times New Roman for the body of the text, 10-point Times New Roman for endnotes, and 10-point Calibri for tables.
  • Manuscripts must be 1.5 spaced, except for references, which should be single spaced, and block quotes (more than 40 words), which should be single spaced and indented in full without quotation marks.
  • All margins (left, right, top, bottom) must be one inch (2.5 cm), including for tables and figures.
  • Do not use headers and footers.
  • Do not insert footnotes.
  • Do not use boldface or underline in the text.
  • Use italics only for words other than that of the written language of the manuscript and the p-value statistic.
  • Use quotation marks only for citations no longer than 40 words and to highlight words or expressions. For quotes longer than 40 words, present it in an indented block of text (one paragraph) without quotation marks.
  • For abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms, indicate what they stand for in full the first time encountered.
  • Decimals are indicated by a period in English (e.g., 0.65) but a comma in French (e.g., 0,65).


Authors must follow the APA style (7th edition) as defined in the of the Publication Manual (2020). For further details on the changes to the APA style contained in the 7th edition of the Publication Manual, visit the website of the Université de Montréal libraries (in French) at

We ask authors to include all existing DOIs with a direct https: // link, that is, without going through an educational institution that requires an institution user account. URL links must be up to date, functional and searchable by all users.

Tables and figures

Tables and figures must be placed at the end of the manuscript after the references and their location must be marked in the text (e.g., “Table 1 here” between two paragraphs). Tables and figures must be clearly identified (number, title) and sources cited, if applicable. Tables and figures are usually accompanied by legends or captions.

Tables must comply with the APA format and must contain no more than one bit of information per cell. Row titles should be left aligned. Column headings must be centre aligned. The table title must be in italics. The table must be numbered in bold font. The font must be 10-point Calibri throughout, including the table number and title. For further details on tables set up, please visit:

Editorial board

Core Editorial Team

Sylvie Cossette, Ph. D., RN, Faculty of Nursing, Université de Montréal, Research Centre of the Montreal Heart Institute(Canada)

  • Editor in Chief


Mélina Bernier, M.A., Social intervention, Faculty of Nursing, Université de Montréal (Canada)

  • Managing Editor


Patricia Auger, M. Sc., Santé communautaire, Research Centre – Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (Canada)

  • Proofreader


José Côté, Ph. D., RN, Faculté des sciences infirmières, Université de Montréal, Research Centre – Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (Canada)

  • Co-director of the RRISIQ, Strategic Advisor


Céline Gélinas, Ph. D., RN, Ingram School of Nursing, McGill University, Centre for Nursing Research and Lady Davis Institute, Integrated Health and Social Services University Network for West-Central Montreal, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal (Canada)

  • Co-director of the RRISIQ, Strategic Advisor  

International Advisory Board 

Anna Axelin, Ph. D., RN, Turku University (Finland)
Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Ph. D., RN, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing (Brazil)
Sébastien Colson, Ph. D., RN, Aix-Marseille Université (France)
Damien Contandriopoulos, Ph. D., University of Victoria (Canada)
Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Ph. D., RN, Université de Lausanne (Switzerland)