Reverend Léon Provancher, a famous Québec naturalist, founded the journal Le Naturaliste canadien in 1868. He bequeathed it to Canon Victor-A. Huard in 1891, who himself bequeathed it to the Université Laval in 1929. Following an agreement with the University in November 1994, the Société Provancher d'histoire naturelle du Canada agreed to take over the publication.
Le Naturaliste canadien has been published for nearly 150 years and has become the official publication of the Society. By continuing to publish one of Canada's oldest French-language, scientific journals, the Society is helping to preserve a fascinating piece of Canadian scientific heritage.
Mission of the journal
Le Naturaliste canadien is a Canadian journal published in French disseminating knowledge about natural sciences and the environment, with a focus on North American subject matter. Le Naturaliste canadien also serves as the liaison bulletin for members of the Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada.
- To disseminate knowledge about natural sciences, from an environmental perspective and with a concern for conservation.
- To raise public awareness about the needs of nature by publishing, in particular, about fauna, flora, species conservation and environmental issues, while emphasizing the importance of human action on the natural environment.
- To disseminate information about the Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada, and other public and private organizations involved in environmental conservation and protection activities.
Frequency of publication
Two issues of the journal Le Naturaliste canadien are produced each year, and are available both in print form and electronically. The summer issue is published in June, and the winter issue, in December. Occasionally, special issues are published, treating specific themes. Examples of topics treated recently include roads and terrestrial fauna (Volume 136, Number 2, spring 2012), raptors (Volume 139, Number 1, winter 2015) and the St. Lawrence River (Volume 140, Number 2, summer 2016).
Direction de la recherche forestière
2700, rue Einstein, bureau C.1.340.1
Québec (QC) G1P 3W8
Telephone : 418.643.7994, ext. 6527
Postal address – correspondence and journal administration
1400, route de l’Aéroport
Québec (QC) G2G 1G6
Aim, scope and article types
Le Naturaliste canadien is a Canadian journal published in French disseminating knowledge about natural sciences and the environment, with a focus on North American subject matter. The articles are intended for a wide audience, composed, in particular, of scientists and naturalists. Le Naturaliste canadien also serves as the liaison bulletin for members of the Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada. Authors are invited to use accessible language and to illustrate their articles with photographs.
The articles are original and previously unpublished, and present observations made by naturalists, and the results of field surveys or scientific research. They may also take the form of literature reviews or reflections on natural science or environment related themes.
Language of publication
The journal Le Naturaliste canadien only publishes articles in French. However, an English version of the abstract and the keywords is provided.
Peer review procedure
Manuscript are peer-reviewed, under the direction of a member of the editorial team or an ad hoc editor, and of the editor. Comments are provided by at least two experts.
There is no publication cost payable by the authors of articles accepted by the journal Le Naturaliste canadien. By default, articles are printed in shades of gray, whereas the electronic version is produced in colour.
Authors who wish to have colour figures in the printed version of their articles can do so for a fee of CAD 30.00 per colour page.
Online accessibility of articles
Online access to articles published in the journal Le Naturaliste canadien is subject to a 12-month embargo, starting from the date of publication, during which distribution in digital format is exclusively through the Érudit portal: https: // www.erudit.org/fr/revues/natcan/.
During this period, consultation of the full text of articles is strictly limited to members of institutions subscribed to Érudit and members of the Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada.
After the embargo, the full text is freely available for download (HTML and PDF) on the website of the journal.
Responsibilities of the publisher
The publisher undertakes to ensure the printing and publication of articles accepted for the journal Le Naturaliste canadien and to guarantee ongoing access to these over time, in accordance with customary practices.
After publication, the publisher undertakes to ensure that the metadata (i.e., name of the authors, title and subtitles of the article, keywords, abstracts, and potentially a summary) are made publicly available through the website of the journal.
The journal undertakes to respect the moral rights of the authors during the use of their work.
Responsibilities of the authors
The authors guarantee that articles submitted for publication are original, that they have not been previously published elsewhere, and that they do not infringe anyone’s copyright. The authors also guarantee the full and complete rights accorded to the publisher through a consent to publish agreement and confirm, on their honor, that they have not committed any form of fraud, plagiarism or forgery.
Transfer of copyright
- The intellectual property rights on the original content of all articles belong to their authors, who are solely responsible for their texts.
- During the publishing process, the authors are required to sign an agreement granting the journal Le Naturaliste canadien and its stakeholders the permission to edit the article in accordance with the prescribed standards of the journal, and to publish it. All co-authors are required to complete the agreement form, sign it and return it to the journal before publication.
- Authors must ensure that the publication of the article does not infringe the rights of others, be it with regards to text or illustrations, and that they have full authority to conclude the publication agreement.
- As a contribution to the journal, authors allow the reproduction and public distribution of their text through electronic media, computerized databases and similar means of diffusion.
- Authors assign the journal the right to authorize the reproduction and reprinting of the text, in paper or electronic form, in all languages and for all countries.
- As a contribution to the journal and its stakeholders, the authors assign any sum that may be generated (under current or future legislation) by the publication and distribution of their texts by the journal, or by any other publisher with the express authorization of the journal, and agree to its reinvestment in the journal.
- Authors retain the rights of use in their subsequent work. However, the reference to the first publication must be given, as must the name of all the authors, the title of the article, the name of the journal the date and the place of publication.
Policy on self-archiving
The following provisions allow authors to meet the requirements of the Canadian Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications, which is primarily intended to allow the results of research to be freely available on the publisher's website or an online repository within 12 months of publication.
Definition of publication formats:
- Pre-print: version of a manuscript submitted by the authors to the publisher, but not yet reviewed.
- Post-print: version of a manuscript accepted for publication, including all peer-requested changes, but not in the layout of the journal.
- Publisher’s version: PDF version of the edited and journal-formatted article, which is equivalent to a reprint of the article published in the journal Le Naturaliste canadien or on the website of the publisher.
At any time, the authors may:
- Share the pre-print or place it in an open access archive, in an institutional or thematic (topical) repository, or on a personal webpage. However, the pre-print must be clearly marked "This document is the unreviewed pre-print of an article submitted to the journal Le Naturaliste canadien on", followed by the date.
Following peer-review and acceptance of the manuscript, the authors may:
- Share the post-print or place it in an open access archive, in an institutional repository or on a personal webpage, in compliance with an institution’s mandate. These sites must be non-profit. The post-print must be clearly marked "This document is the post-print of the article published in Le Naturaliste canadien Vol. XX No. YY, © Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada" and the URL of the website of the journal must be indicated (https://www.erudit.org/en/reviews/natcan).
Once the article is published, the authors may:
- Share the publisher’s version or place it in an open access archive, in an institutional repository or on a personal webpage, in compliance with an institution’s mandate. These sites must be non-profit. The publisher’sversion must be clearly marked "This document is the publisher’s version of the article published in Le Naturaliste canadien Vol. XX No. YY, © Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada" and the URL of the website of the journal must be indicated (see above);
- Place the publisher’s version, following an express request and authorization from the publisher, on the internal server only of their university and/or laboratory, indicating the corresponding URL of the article on the site of the journal; and
- Share the publisher’s version during a course or seminar, following an express request and authorization from the publisher.
Note: During the embargo period, the publisher’s version and/or the article reprint cannot, in any way, be shared through an online database, a website, a mailing list or through social networks.
After the 12-month embargo period, the authors may:
- Share all the above-mentioned publication formats (i.e., pre-print, post-print and publisher’s version), or place them in an open access archive, an institutional or thematic (topical) repository or on a personal webpage. These sites must be non-profit. The authors must indicate the copyright of the Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada (see above) for the published version and indicate the corresponding URL of the article on the website of the journal.
Authors must submit manuscripts that meet the following guidelines:
General notes on presentation
Manuscripts submitted to Le Naturaliste canadien:
- Do not exceed 30 pages, excluding illustrations and tables.
- Use letter format (21.5 by 28 cm; 8.5 by 11 inch), with wide margins (2.5 cm; 1 inch).
- Have double spaced lines throughout.
- Use the 12-point Times New Roman or 10-point Arial font.
The title page (see section 2 below) shows the manuscript title at the top, followed by the names of the authors and a short text indicating their affiliations, an abstract in French not exceeding 200 words and 5 keywords, and an abstract in English also with 5 keywords.
These are followed by the introduction, a description of the study area and/or methods used, the results, a discussion and, if necessary, a conclusion. At the end of the manuscript there is an acknowledgments section and list of references.
1. General format
1.1. Text is left-justified, with no indent at the beginning of paragraphs.
1.2. Lines are numbered continuously throughout the document.
1.3. Pages are numbered at the bottom right corner.
1.4. Do not use line or page breaks.
1.5. Subsections are used to break up the text and summarize the main ideas. Long paragraphs should be avoided.
2. Title page
2.1. The title must be short. It can include the scientific name of study organisms if little known, or the article treats taxonomy.
2.2. The list of authors mentions each author’s affiliation, and can be accompanied by a short description of their expertise or responsibilities (20 words or less per author). An email address is provided for the author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
2.3. The abstract (Résumé) must not exceed 200 words, and is followed by an English translation provided by the authors.
2.4. The 5 keywords (Mots clés), alphabetically listed, summarize the content of the article and complement the title. They are inserted after each of the 2 abstracts and are in the language of the latter.
3. Reference tools
3.1. French grammar and spelling
Standard French dictionaries form the main language reference tools, together with the Grand dictionnaire terminologique (available online at http://www.granddictionnaire.com/) and the Banque de dépannage linguistique (available online at https://www.oqlf.gouv.qc.ca/ressources/bdl.html) produced by the Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF); Noms et lieux du Québec (available online at http://www.toponymie.gouv.qc.ca/ct/ToposWeb/recherche.aspx) produced by the Commission de toponymie; and the Multidictionnaire de la langue française (Québec/Amérique) by Marie-Éva de Villers.
Authors should refer to the Base de données des plantes vasculaires du Canada (available online at http://data.canadensys.net/vascan/search?lang=fr) when naming plant species and to the Liste de la faune vertébrée du Québec (available online at http://www3.mffp.gouv.qc.ca/faune/vertebree/liste/alphabetique.asp%5d) when naming vertebrate species featured on the list.
3.3 International system of units
Use the International System of Units (SI). However, if the authors considers it important to use the Imperial System, the values are placed in round brackets after the SI values.
4. Characters and styles
4.1. Titles for sections and subsections
Sections can have up to 2 sub-sections.
Use bold type for the title (which is centered) and section headings (which are left-justified); use italic bold type for first-level subsection headings; and italics only for second-level subsection headings. The latter 2 must be left-justified with a tab, as follows:
4.2 Initial capitals
When writing the title, and section and subsection headings, only use a capital for the first letter of the first word. Acronyms that use capitals are an exception, but these can only be used alone after what they represent has first been written out in full, followed by the acronym itself written in capital letters within round brackets.
4.3. Accents on capital letters
Accents should be maintained on capital letters throughout the text.
4.4. Plant and animal names
Do not use a capital for the first letters of the name of a plant or animal in French (e.g., épine-vinette and bruant des neiges), but do use them for the genus when writing scientific names (e.g., Berberis vulgaris, Plectrophenax nivalis and Typha spp.).
In all manuscripts, provide the scientific name of organisms in round brackets when the species is first mentioned in the body of the text (e.g., Alces alces). For manuscripts focusing on taxonomy, provide the scientific name of the organism the first time it appears in the summary or the body of the text, followed by the name of the author and the date of description (e.g., Pauropus lanceolatus Remy, 1956 or, in the case of a change of genus, Calligrapha philadelphica [Linné, 1758]). For more details, consult the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. In all cases, only use italics for the name of the genus and the species. For divisions above this, follow the layout adopted in standard catalogues (e.g., Löbl, I. and A. Smetana (eds), 2010. Catalogue of palaearctic coleoptera, Vol. 6: Chrysomeloida. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, 924 p).
4.5. Numbers mentioned in the text
All numbers are written as numbers except at the beginning of a sentence.
Use italics for foreign words, non-francized Latin words and expressions, and publication titles featured in the main body of the text, and in tables and legends (see table of Latin words and expressions and their abbreviation at the end of this section).
Do not use underscoring, unless your software offers no other choice (e.g., no italics).
4.8. Special characters
Use notes to clearly identify special characters if used.
4.9. Use of white spaces before and after major punctuation marks, and other signs or symbols
The use of white spaces follows the guidelines proposed by the Office québécois de la langue française, which are available online at: http://184.108.40.206/bdl/gabarit_bdl.asp?t1=1&id=2039. Please note, however, that when referring to a website, the colon is neither preceded nor followed by a white space, as follows: http://www...
4.10 French ligatures
The vowels "a" and "o" must be attached to the "e" that follows them (this is the French ligature), for example: bœuf, cæcum, cœur, curriculum vitæ, ex æquo, fœtus, nœud, œdème, œil, œsophage and œuf. There are certain exceptions, including the words moelle, moelleux, moellon and moere, words with accents (e.g., goéland and poêle), and certain names of foreign origin (e.g., Froelich and Boer).
4.11. Latin words or expressions
The following recommendations are preferred for words or expressions in Latin:
Word/expressions in Latin Abbreviation French equivalent Recommended choice
circa ca (sometimes c.) vers, environ vers (date) or environ (number)
confer cf. (sometimes cfr, conf.) se reporter à, comparer à cf.
eodem — au même endroit eodem
et alii et al. et collaborateurs, et autres et collab.
exempli e. g. par exemple p. ex. (in full in body of text)
fide — sur la foi de communication personnelle
id est i. e. c'est-à-dire c.-à-d. (in full in body of text)
In — Dans Dans (in references)
sensu — au sens de au sens de
verbi gratia v. g. par exemple p. ex. (in full in body of text)
For short quotations within the text, use French quotation marks: « word » or « phrase. ».
Longer quotations should be indented in the text, without quotation marks. The text should be written using a smaller font size and the name of the author(s) should be provided at the end of the paragraph, as follows:
[...] If we choose to use a longer quotation and to place it indented in the text, quotation marks are not used. The text is written in a smaller font size and the name of the author(s) is indicated at the end of the quotation. If the quote itself contains a quote, then French quotation marks are used to indicate the latter. (Desmartis and Gadbois, 1995)
Footnotes should be avoided. However, if they are indispensable, they should appear at the end of the article. The reference to a footnote is indicated by a superscript number (without brackets) placed immediately after the word (without a white space). The footnote itself is written as follows, with a full stop and a tab (→) after the number:
21.→ Footnotes appear at the end of the article and are listed in numerical order.
7. Tables and illustrations
Provide tables and illustrations (e.g., photographs, graphs or maps), together with explanatory legends or captions (see below).
7.1 Reference to tables and illustrations in the text
- All the illustrations referred to in the text are called figures and are numbered consecutively.
- When a table or illustration is referred to in the text, the number should be indicated (e.g., [tableau 2] or [figure 1]) so that, during layout, the publisher can place these as appropriately as possible.
7.2. Use of colour
- Illustrations appear in colour in the electronic version and in the PDF reprints provided to the authors.
- By default, illustrations are printed in black and white in the paper version of the journal. They must be prepared with this in mind, so that they can be properly interpreted by the reader. Color printing of figures is available at the request of the authors, at a cost of CAD 30.00 per page.
- All tables and illustrations must be numbered and accompanied by a legend or caption.
- In the case of tables, the legend is placed above them. In the case of figures, the legend is placed below them.
- The list of figure legends and captions is inserted on a separate page at the end of the manuscript, after the references.
- Tables prepared using Word are inserted on separate pages at the end of the manuscript, after the references and the list of figure captions.
- Tables prepared using Excel must be submitted as separate files.
- Each illustration (e.g., graph, map, drawing or photograph) must be submitted in its own file, separate from the main text.
- Credits (the name of the photographer or of the creator of the illustration) must be provided in brackets at the end of the respective caption.
Graphs, drawings and maps
- Charts and graphs created using software such as Excel must be accompanied by all the numerical values used to create them, and the documents must be free of links.
- All the symbols used in graphics or maps must be explained in the legend and must be distinct from each other. Provisions should be made to allow illustrations to be reduced in size. Once reduced, the text used within an illustration should be at least 1 mm high.
- For maps and photographs with magnification, indicate the scale and source.
- Indicate the name of any unusual specialized software in a note at the end of the article.
- Images transmitted as digital files must be of high-definition and in eps, tiff, jpeg or psd (Photoshop) format.
- Digital cameras used to produce images must have a minimum capacity of 4 megapixels and be adjusted so that a minimum of 3 megapixels can be used for taking pictures.
- Printed photographs or slides produced using a traditional camera with a film cartridge will need to be scanned. The resulting files must have the following minimum resolution: 400 dots per inch (dpi) for a 100 by 150 mm (4 by 6 inch) printed photograph; and 2400 dpi for a slide.
(To avoid confusion, italics have not been used for French text in this section.)
8.1. In the main text
- References should be listed as follows: (Corbeil et Archambault, 2002; Simon, 2005), (Guénette et collab., 2001) or (Froelich et McNabb, 1984).
- When several references are listed within the same round brackets, place these in alphabetical order.
8.2. In the reference list
- List references by the name of the first author in ascending alphabetical order and in ascending chronological order. When there are several articles by the same author, begin with those with 1 author, followed by those with 2 authors, and finally all the others in chronological order.
- Do not use all caps or small caps for the author’s names.
- Use italics for scientific names only.
- Write the names of journals and organizations in full.
8.3. Details regarding reference format
Write each reference in the following order:
- The name of the author (using a capital for the first letter), follow this with a comma and the initials of the author, each followed by a full stop. If there are several authors, the initials of the following authors precede their names, and the conjunction "et" should precede the initials and the name of the last author, even when the article is in English (see examples). Do not use "caps lock" for the names of the authors, and do not separate the initials by a white space (e.g., Froelich, H.A. et D.H. McNabb).
- The year of publication, preceded by a comma and followed by a full stop.
- The title of the book or article, in normal type, followed by a full stop.
- In the case of an article, the name of the journal in which it appeared, followed by a comma.
- In the case of a book, the name of the publisher, followed by a comma, the name of the city where the book was published, followed by a comma, and the number of pages in the book, followed by the abbreviation "p" and a full stop.
- In the case of an article, the volume number of the journal, followed by a colon, and the pages corresponding to the article cited, followed by a full stop.
- For articles in Le Naturaliste canadien published after 1995, indicate the volume and issue of the journal, as each issue of a volume begins on page 1.
- For articles that include a digital object identifier (DOI), indicate “doi” followed by a colon, then by the DOI number and a full stop.
- For a book chapter or section, the title of the chapter is followed by the word "Dans:", the name of the editors and their initials, the abbreviation "édit." in round brackets and a full stop, the title of the book, followed by a full stop, the name of the publisher, followed by a comma, the name of the city where it is located, followed by a comma and, at the end, the pages of the article preceded by "p.".
- For a document available online with open access, mention “Disponible en ligne à” followed by a colon, the URL, and a full stop.
- For an online-only document that is not available in print or regularly updated, mention “Visité le” followed by the date of consultation, in square brackets, and a full stop.
Savenkoff, C., A.F. Vézina, P.C. Smith et G. Han, 2001. Summer transports of nutrients in the Gulf of St. Lawrence estimated by inverse modelling. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 52 : 565-587.
Journal article with digital object identifier (DOI):
El Harti, A., M. Saghi, J.-A.E. Molina et G. Teller, 2001. Production de composés indoliques rhizogènes par le ver de terre Lumbricus terrestris. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 79 : 1921-1932. doi:10.1139/cjz-79-11-1921.
Journal article published in Le Naturaliste canadien before 1995
Gauthier, B. et V. Lavoie, 1975. Limites hydrobiologiques au niveau de l’archipel de Montmagny, estuaire du Saint-Laurent. Le Naturaliste canadien, 102 : 653-662.
Journal article published in Le Naturaliste canadien after 1995
Huot, M., 1995. Une espèce unique au Québec : le suceur cuivré. Le Naturaliste canadien, 119 (2) : 37-40.
Barrette, C., 2000. Le miroir du monde : évolution par sélection naturelle et mystère de la nature humaine. Éditions MultiMondes, Québec, 337 p.
Courtois, R., 2003. La conservation du caribou forestier dans un contexte de perte d’habitat et de fragmentation du milieu. Thèse de doctorat, Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, 350 p.
Courtois, R., J.-P. Ouellet, L. Breton, A. Gingras et C. Dussault, 2002. Effet de la fragmentation du milieu sur l’utilisation de l’espace et la dynamique de population chez le caribou forestier. Ministère de l’Environnement et de la Faune, Québec, 44 p.
Fassler, C.R., 1997. The American mussel crisis: effects on the world pearl industry. Dans : Cummings, K.S., A.C. Buchanan, C.A. Mayer et T.J. Naimo (édit.). Conservation and management of freshwater mussels II : initiatives for the future. Proceedings of a UMRCC symposium, 16-18 October 1995, St-Louis, Missouri. Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee, Rock Island, p. 265-277.
Unprinted document that is regularly updated or only available online:
Colwell, R.K., 1997. Estimate S : Statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 5. User’s guide and application. Disponible en ligne à : http://www.viceroy.eeb.uconn.edu/estimates. [Visité le 12-02-02].
Send text, tables and illustrations directly to the editor:
Preferably by email to: email@example.com; or
If not, by post (CD and hard copy) to:
Direction de la recherche forestière,
2700, rue Einstein, bureau C.1.340.1, Québec (QC) G1P 3W8, Canada.
For more information on the content or format, contact the editor at:
Telephone: 418 643-7994 ext. 6527
For more information on graphic presentation, contact Emmanuel Gagnon at:
Telephone: 418 651-3885 or 1 800 840-3029
Subscription to the digital version
Telephone: (514) 343-6111 ext. 5500
Érudit does not manage individual subscriptions. For these, please contact the Société Provancher directly (www.provancher.org/devenez-membre/).
Subscription to the paper version
Members of the Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada receive the digital version of the journal Le Naturaliste canadien free. There is a small additional charge for members wishing to receive the paper version.
Individuals and organizations wishing to receive the journal can join the Société Provancher d’histoire naturelle du Canada (www.provancher.org/devenez-membre/) or subscribe through EBSCO (1-800-361-7322).
Denise Tousignant (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec)
Bruno Drolet (Environment and Climate Change Canada)
Jean Hamann (Université Laval)
Claude Lavoie (Université Laval)
Michel Lepage (Société Provancher d’Histoire naturelle du Canada)
Isabelle Simard (Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les Changements climatiques du Québec)
Yan Boucher (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec)
François Brassard (Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les Changements climatiques du Québec)
Marc-Antoine Couillard (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec)
Mathieu Cusson (Université du Québec à Chicoutimi)
Christian Hébert (Canadian Forest Service)
Patrick Lajeunesse (Université Laval)
Marc Mazerolle (Université Laval)
Stéphanie Pellerin (Institut de recherche en biologie végétale)
Junior Tremblay (Environment and Climate Change Canada)
Linguistic editing and technical verification of manuscripts
Layout and final editing
Communication Science-Impact (418.651.3885)
Printer and binder
Marquis Imprimeur, inc.